And leaving Nazareth, He came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the regions of Zebulun and Naphtali, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, saying: “The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, by the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles: The people who sat in darkness have seen a great light, and upon those who sat in the region and shadow of death light has dawned.” (Matthew 4:12-16). So both Simeon and Levi were scattered, but one as a blessing and the other as a curse. c. The Almighty who will bless you: Joseph was certainly blessed in his posterity. (From there is the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel), i. This illustrates the principle that the sins of our past can come back and haunt us. The Blessing of Jacob is a prophetic poem that appears in Genesis at 49:1–27 and mentions each of Jacob's twelve sons. Yet he (and the LORD) remembered this event. The archers have bitterly grieved him, Though we see the great wisdom of God in decentralizing authority among the sons of Israel, Reuben paid a high price for his instability. I was just reading Genesis 49 and thinking about how the meaning of each son fits with their specific prophesied blessing by Jacob - except there were three that I was unsure about. Binding his donkey to the vine, Overall, this blessing is an example of the richness of God’s grace to the undeserving. b. “Reuben, you are my firstborn, By Mary Jane Chaignot. Jeroboam set up one of his idolatrous golden calves in Dan (1 Kings 12:26-30), and later Dan became a center of idol worship in Israel (Amos 8:14). In reality, the subsequent "blessing" Esau receives is tantamount to a curse. But Dan is the first tribe listed in Ezekiel’s millennial roll call of the tribes (Ezekiel 48). Often, the difference between a godly, righteous anger and an ungodly anger is self-will. Genesis presents the poem as the words of Jacob to his sons when Jacob is about to die. Judah’s land was great wine-growing country. b. Feel free to add your input. He bows down, he lies down as a lion; The scepter shall not depart from Judah, My might and the beginning of my strength, b. The cruelty of the tribe in general is seen in Judges 19 and 20. Jewish traditions tell us that as Jacob was about to bless his sons, he was ready to tell them the “great secret concerning the end of time.” But at that moment, the glory of God visited and left just as quickly, taking all trace of the knowledge of the great mystery, so he couldn’t tell them. i. [citation needed], Although presented at face value as a cohesive unit, some scholars claim that some verses came from disparate sources. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. a. Joseph is a fruitful bough: This was both a description of Joseph’s life and a personal blessing concerning his descendants. Jacob has great faith and blesses his sons with confidence in the future that God has for them. “The dying patriarch was speaking of his own son Judah; but while speaking of Judah he had a special eye to our Lord, who sprang from the tribe of Judah. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. Click on the different category headings to find out more. This was because the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the Mighty God of Jacob. But his bow remained in strength, The blessings of your father And was gathered to his people: There are said to be three basic attitudes towards death. This is much better than when Jacob referred to God as the God of Abraham or the Fear of his father Isaac (Genesis 31:53). We need 2 cookies to store this setting. But this supposition, according to the JE, is not tenable; for the very first tribe mentioned is the most northerly, and, furthermore, the sequence is broken by Gad. And his border shall adjoin Sidon. c. I will divide them in Jacob and scatter them in Israel: The prophecy of dividing and scattering turned out to be a curse for Simeon. b. To Reuben, Simeon and Levi, Jacob offers only chastisement for their earlier actions. At the time, the rabbis considered it a disaster of unfulfilled Scripture. b. 3. Blessings of the breasts and of the womb. Jesus is referred to as Shiloh, the name meaning, He whose right it is or to Whom it belongs and a title anciently understood to speak of the Messiah. So long as God had another sentence to speak by him, death could not paralyze his tongue” (Spurgeon). And as a lion, who shall rouse him? Shot at him and hated him. Knowingly or not, Jacob called out for Jesus. i. Reuben is an example of how the first can be last (Matthew 19:30). a. A viper by the path, 28 All these are the twelve tribes of Israel: and this is it that their father spake unto them, and blessed them; every one according to his blessing he blessed them. Since the text refers to archers, and the Arabs were excellent marksmen, August Dillmann thinks that the war was with the Arabs. Here, he prophesied blessings upon each son, one-by-one. i. When you and I also are near our journey’s end, may we be able to say, as Jacob did, ‘I have waited for thy salvation, O Lord.’” (Spurgeon). This is a remarkable sign of God’s redemption. But he shall triumph at last. For in their anger they slew a man, c. Until Shiloh comes: The leadership prophecy took some 640 years to fulfill in part with the reign of David, first of Judah’s dynasty of kings. And when Jacob had finished commanding his sons, he drew his feet up into the bed and breathed his last, and was gathered to his people. At that time, under Herod and the Romans, their right to capital punishment – a small but remaining element of their self-governance – was taken away. The poem appears to aim to describe why each of the tribes suffered the fate they did, and thus explains the small territory of Reuben, the firstborn, compared to Judah, as being due to Reuben's incest (mentioned at Genesis 35:22 and 49:3-4). A troop shall tramp upon him: In the days of Jeremiah (among other times), foreign armies oppressed Gad (Jeremiah 49:1). Reuben: the name means see a son – Whose mother was Leah. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. The tribe of Simeon became small during the wilderness wanderings. And to Him shall be the obedience of the people. It continued through men and generations to come. The promise was that Israel would keep this scepter until Shiloh comes. See, besides the commentaries on Genesis of Dillmann, Merx, Knobel, Delitzsch, Holzinger, Ball, and Gunkel: This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. By the God of your father who will help you, New York: Funk & Wagnalls..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}, JE entry and citations: "Verse 10 interrupts the continuity of thought, verse 11 taking up the thread dropped in verse 8. 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