Roman architecture is the perfect example of innovation and experimentation in construction; it gave mankind buildings that had never been seen before, a network of connecting roads which was marvelously executed, and public structures that could be used by people from all strata of society just as equally, which added to their appeal. The 10 Oldest Ancient Civilizations That Have Ever Existed, Top 10 Most Worshiped Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses, Top 10 Inventions and Discoveries of Ancient Greece…, Top 11 Inventions and Discoveries of Mesopotamia, reconstruction during the 15th and 16th centuries, Top 10 Magnificent Examples of Ancient Greek Architecture, Top 10 Most Iconic Pieces of Architecture in Ancient Egypt, Top 10 Amazing Facts about Roman Architecture, Top 21 Fascinating Facts about the Ancient Persian Empire, Top 12 Surprising and Fascinating Facts about Ancient Sumer, Top 13 Surprising and Fascinating Facts about Ancient Babylonia, Top 12 Fascinating Facts about Ancient Mesopotamia. After Augustus limited such displays to emperors only, the men at the top were in an ongoing competition to build the most magnificent. We only have to look at monuments like the Colosseum, the Pantheon and the spectacular aqueducts that have survived a couple of millennia to see how well built these structures were. It was a unique triumphal monument by all standards in contemporary Rome. Since then, it has been used for various purposes such as a town hall, stable, and storehouse. But the icing on the cake came when he immediately declared war on the Parthian Empire and brought the Parthians to their knees. It is said that its opening ceremony – the grandest of all spectacles – lasted for about 100 days. Vespasian ordered the colosseum be built on the spot of the previous, and very controversial, emperor Nero’s palace, and the gesture won over the people who flocked to the 100-day opening ceremonies complete with chariot racing, 2,000 gladiators, and over 5,000 exotic animals in the arena ring. Even today, despite some heavy damage, it stands as a lasting reminder of the once flamboyant Roman Republic. The first of the Baalbek temples was constructed in the first century BC and over the next 200 years, the Romans built three more, each dedicated to the gods Jupiter, Bacchus, and Venus respectively. The real function of these city gates was to demonstrate architectural mastery, sculptural artistry and, of course, Rome’s great military victories. Most Romans, however, visited public complexes that included pools, steam rooms, fountains, even libraries. At three stories tall, this marvel was fit together without mortar from precisely cut stone blocks, and the precision of the build resulted in an arched bridge reaching 1,100 feet in height. Pantheon. Buckingham Palace (Eastern Wing), London. The Arc de Triomphe and the Place Vendôme are just two examples of French architects borrowing Roman formulas. Unlike many other contemporary Roman temples that were almost always dedicated to particular Roman deities, the Pantheon was a temple for all the Roman gods. This decision spared this majestic temple from the neglect and destruction faced by many other Roman monuments and landmarks. Roman architecture. The construction of this temple was completed in 125 AD during the rule of Hadrian. Part bridge, part aqueduct, part monument to Rome’s domination over the landscape, the 31 miles of this water delivery system is an engineering marvel. The Pont du Gard has been used as a conventional bridge throughout the Middle Ages, right up until the 18th century. With 165 arches, all of which are over 30 feet (9 meters) in height, this architectural phenomenon has been a symbol of Segovia for centuries. Below the rounded walls are two sub-layers, likely where the animals, prisoners, and props were kept. The most obvious is the White House, which displays Roman influences in the … This marvel is also an optical illusion. Origins. 3. Although Agrippa began the work,  completion of the pantheon wasn’t achieved until 125 AD under the rule of the emperor Hadrian. Once home to gladiators and chariot races, today it hosts festivals, concerts, plays, and bullfighting. Maison Carrée. 4. The wonders of Roman architecture were built to stand the test of time. Just like the Pont du Gard, Roman engineers built the entire structure without any mortar. It was so large that during the Middle Ages, a small fortified palace was built within it. Later, somewhere around 1863, the arena was remodeled into a huge bullring. The Pont du Gard was a pivotal structure in an aqueduct that stretched over 31 miles (50 kilometers) in length. It was built somewhere around 50 AD to facilitate the flow of drinking water from the River Frio to the city of Segovia. I appreciate your writing style, photos, and historical acumen. 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