The sport consisted in turninginto the cover a few dogs, and then patiently waiting to fireat any animal which might appear. -- We left our miserable sleeping-place beforesunrise. I was often interested by watching the clouds, which,rolling in from seaward, formed a bank just beneath thehighest point of the Corcovado. OnSaturday and Sunday they work for themselves, and in thisfertile climate the labour of two days is sufficient to supporta man and his family for the whole week. In this manner the tops of some large busheswere encompassed by the united nets. They occur only within thelimits of the tidal waves; and as the rivulet slowly tricklesdown, the surf must supply the polishing power of the cataractsin the great rivers. The flash was almostco-instantaneous in the two rings, but it was just perceptiblefirst in the anterior one. In the morning the spotwhere the bite had been inflicted was easily distinguishedfrom being slightly swollen and bloody. It not unfrequentlyhappened, that we were obliged to kill, with stones,the poultry for our own supper. xiv. We dined at Mandetiba; the thermometer inthe shade being 84 degs. The Beaglewas employed in surveying the extreme southern and easterncoasts of America, south of the Plata, during the two succeedingyears. Each tree is supposed to yield annually, on an average,two pounds; but some give as much as eight. In walking across these thickbeds of mimosae, a broad track was marked by the changeof shade, produced by the drooping of their sensitive petioles.It is easy to specify the individual objects of admiration inthese grand scenes; but it is not possible to give an adequateidea of the higher feelings of wonder, astonishment, anddevotion, which fill and elevate the mind. A few days afterwards,when not far distant from the Abrolhos Islets, my;attention was called to a reddish-brown appearance in thesea. L. Jenyns; and of theReptiles, by Mr. Bell. The main characters of this science, non fiction story are , . One morning, in the course of six hours, 1.6 inchesof rain fell. Although not scheduled to take that long, the voyage took almost five years to complete. Witha stem so narrow that it might be clasped with the twohands, it waves its elegant head at the height of forty orfifty feet above the ground. The whole surface of the water, as it appeared under aweak lens, seemed as if covered by chopped bits of hay, withtheir ends jagged. -- "Any dried meat?" The road is oftenmarked by crosses, in the place of milestones, to signifywhere human blood has been spilled. -- "Any bread?" In five little packets whichI sent him, he has ascertained no less than sixty-sevendifferent organic forms! On a point not far from the city, where a rivulet enteredthe sea, I observed a fact connected with a subject discussedby Humboldt. Butthe most curious circumstance is, that it secretes from theskin of its belly, when handled, a most beautiful carmine-redfibrous matter, which stains ivory and paper in so permanenta manner that the tint is retained with all its brightnessto the present day: I am quite ignorant of the natureand use of this secretion. In a lofty valley of the Cordillera, near Mendoza, I foundanother spider with a singularly-formed web. After having been taken out of water fora short time, and then again immersed in it, a considerablequantity both of water and air is absorbed by the mouth,and perhaps likewise by the branchial orifices. In England any person fondof natural history enjoys in his walks a great advantage, byalways having something to attract his attention; but inthese fertile climates, teeming with life, the attractions areso numerous, that he is scarcely able to walk at all. The volcanic fires of a past age,and the scorching heat of a tropical sun, have in most placesrendered the soil unfit for vegetation. At this elevation the landscape attains its mostbrilliant tint; and every form, every shade, so completelysurpasses in magnificence all that the European has everbeheld in his own country, that he knows not how to expresshis feelings. The forestabounded with beautiful objects; among which the tree ferns,though not large, were, from their bright green foliage, andthe elegant curvature of their fronds, most worthy of admiration.In the evening it rained very heavily, and although thethermometer stood at 65 degs., I felt very cold. For drinking, a largeearthenware jug of water served the whole party. Itis, however, a very singular fact, that, although ProfessorEhrenberg knows many species of infusoria peculiar toAfrica, he finds none of these in the dust which I sent him.On the other hand, he finds in it two species which hithertohe knows as living only in South America. The greater number ofthe inhabitants had an indistinct idea that England, London,and North America, were different names for the sameplace; but the better informed well knew that London andNorth America were separate countries close together, andthat England was a large town in London! Azara [10] has describeda gregarious spider in Paraguay, which Walckanaer thinksmust be a Theridion, but probably it is an Epeira, andperhaps even the same species with mine. At Campos Novos, however, wefared sumptuously; having rice and fowls, biscuit, wine, andspirits, for dinner; coffee in the evening, and fish with coffeefor breakfast. One day, at Bahia, my attention was drawnby observing many spiders, cockroaches, and other insects,and some lizards, rushing in the greatest agitation acrossa bare piece of ground. In some specimens, small but perfect spheresof brownish granular matter supplied theplaces of the septa; and I observed the curious process bywhich they were produced. Lieut. This unusual degree of atmospheric dryness wasaccompanied by continual flashes of lightning. Italicsare represented as _italics_. As I feel that the opportunities which I enjoyedof studying the Natural History of the different countries wevisited, have been wholly due to Captain Fitz Roy, I hope I mayhere be permitted to repeat my expression of gratitude to him;and to add that, during the five years we were together, Ireceived from him the most cordial friendship and steadyassistance. i. p. 92; Labillardiere, vol. The pulpy matter of the internalcoating suddenly grouped itself into lines, some of whichassumed a form radiating from a common centre; it thencontinued, with an irregular and rapid movement, to contractitself, so that in the course of a second the whole wasunited into a perfect little sphere, which occupied theposition of the septum at one end of the now quite hollow case.The formation of the granular sphere was hastened by anyaccidental injury. In the descriptions which I have read, sufficientstress does not appear to have been laid on the elasticity ofthe spine: so sudden a spring could not be the result of simplemuscular contraction, without the aid of some mechanicalcontrivance. A small frog, of the genus Hyla,sits on a blade of grass about an inch above the surface ofthe water, and sends forth a pleasing chirp: when severalare together they sing in harmony on different notes. During our stay at Brazil I made a large collection ofinsects. [8] In a MS. in the British Museum by Mr. Abbott, who madehis observations in Georgia; see Mr. A. Every one has heard of the beauty of the scenery nearBotofogo. Near Fuentes we saw a large flock of guinea-fowl --probably fifty or sixty in number. The mean temperature,from observations taken at nine o'clock, both morningand evening, was only 72 degs. The fish, having remained in this distended state for ashort time, generally expelled the air and water withconsiderable force from the branchial apertures and mouth. Thebroad, flat-bottomed valleys, many of which serve during afew days only in the season as water-courses, are clothedwith thickets of leafless bushes. Were surprised at the firstconvenient house I can not crawl with ease when placed on the evening was insmoking. The 'Linnean Transactions., excepting on one occasion, may generallybe seen a passage! Months of may and June, 1845 ) a full accountof the of... 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