Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. He foresaw that while commanding such a company as this, he might, without injuring his king and former benefactor, be of the very greatest use to the people, and protect the southern frontiers of the kingdom—sadly exposed in these later years of King Saul—from the plundering incursions of the neighbouring nomadic tribes. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". 1 Samuel 22 New International Version (NIV) David at Adullam and Mizpah 22 David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. New International Version (NIV) Compare Judges 18:25, "angry": i.e. 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 Kings 1 Kings 2 Kings 31 1-4 5-10 11-20 21-24 1-11 12-22 1-17 18-25 1Chr 10 1 Chr 11-19 1 Chr 20-29 2 Chronicles 1-9 2 Chronicles 10-20 2 Chronicles 21-36 Legend: B.C. . BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. 1905. Debt - Probably poor debtors, whom the creditors were obliged to spare, Exodus 22:25. But if this were their design they were greatly disappointed, for David never made any improper use of them. Arnold’s commentary on the books of Samuel in the NIVAC series is one of the better contributions. "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. 1865-1868. And then he neither assaulted any place with them, nor sought for an occasion to fight, but avoided it by seeking for secret and secure places of retreat, sometimes in the deserts, sometimes, in foreign nations, always taking care not to hurt his countrymen, and never allowing his men to make incursions upon any but the enemies of Israel. This has been represented as a gang of ruffians, a parcel of banditti, who united themselves to David with the worst designs. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-samuel-22.html. To repel any force that might be offered him. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-samuel-22.html. Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. David rendered useful service in protecting these from the Bedouins of the desert, and in return received from the shepherds supplies of food, as well as seasonable intelligence of the movements of the roving government spies sent to search for them (see the note at 1 Samuel 25:8-9). See de Jure B. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". thou dearest Lord! Before commenting further on Hoffner’s commentary on 1&2 Samuel, let me share the purpose behind the Evangelical Exegetical Commentary series in the words of its creators. But the original words by no means convey any such meaning as this. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, and there were with him about four hundred men, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. Salem Media Group. Every one that was in distress — אישׁ מצוק, ish matsok, the man straitened or oppressed. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". CHAPTER 22 1 David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. 22 And David spoke z to the L ord the words of this song on the day when the L ord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul. App-13. In our own time the same spirit, as is too well known, is still abroad, and constitutes the bitterest reproach which the many enemies of the strange, deathless race can promulgate against a people evidently walled in by a Divine protection and a changeless eternal love. 1871-8. And every one that was in debt — אשׁר לו נשׁא asher lo noshee, the man that had a creditor. Bill T. Arnold — 1 & 2 Samuel (NIV Application Commentary, 2003). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-samuel-22.html. Leviticus 25:39. The poor, improvident, or perhaps unfortunate, debtor was protected by wise laws against the greedy avaricious spirit of his merciless creditor. When his brothers and his father’s household heard about it, they went down to him there. 1859. one = man. Along with members of his family, David's supporters at this time were, in a word, every outlaw in the kingdom. discontented = bitter of soul. ; distressed and uneasy in their minds, being pinched with want, or pressed with sore afflictions, which made them very disconsolate: these. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/1-samuel-22.html. Whatever they were before they came to David, we find that he succeeded in civilizing them, and making profitable to the state those who were before unprofitable. You can read through all of 2-samuel 22 below.Click the verse number to read commentary, definitions, meanings, and notesfor that particular 2-samuel 22 verse. In the Mosaic Law, most stringent regulations were laid down to correct and mitigate this ruling passion of avarice among the Jews. The several statements of the refugees who took shelter in David’s armed camp, of course go over a considerable time. 2 All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered around him, and he became their commander. Every one that was in debt. in an afflicted and calamitous condition. And others, whose lands and goods their creditors might seize when their persons were with David. 1 Samuel chapter 22 summary starts out with David leaving the presence of the king of Gath and dwells in a cave, from whence he sent word to his family where he was and they came to … Heb., Bitter of soul. 1999. every one that was in distress — (See on Judges 11:3). "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". Soon after, these numbers were swelled to 600, and these probably only were the chosen men-at-arms of the little force, which, no doubt, was numerically far greater. And everyone that was in distress, and everyone that was in debt, and everyone that was discontented, gathered themselves unto him. gathered themselves unto him; to help him, or rather to be helped by him; hoping in time things would take a favourable turn with him, and he should be advanced to the throne, and so their circumstances would be mended thereby: and he became a captain over them; they enlisted themselves in his service, and he took the command of them; he might not know the circumstances of those in debt, nor of any of them thoroughly, nor their views in joining him; however he meant not to shelter them from paying their just debts if able, nor to encourage them in disloyalty to their king, only to make use of them for his own preservation for the present. Similar associations exist in the same localities at the present day-a motley crew of desperate men from all parts of the country: some wild and marauding outlaws, others tolerated by the governments, and empowered to keep the desert tribes in check (see Robinson's 'Biblical Researches,' 2:, p. 200; Drew's 'Scripture Lands,' p. 121; Rogers' 'Domestic Life,' p., 179; Wolff, 'Missionary Labours and Researches,' p. 507). 1765. David, being driven from Achish, returns into the land of Israel to be hunted by Saul. Until I found myself totally insolvent, and unable to satisfy the debt of God's law; until my soul felt distress from the sense of sin, the alarms of conscience, and the accusations of Satan; until discontent under a load of guilt, and the fear of the wrath to come, compelled me to seek redemption; never wast thou dear to me, nor did I desire to come under thy banner! Then go to Christ and fill up the hollowness of your soul with Him. The story of Samuel’s call is full of important details that are pregnant with meaning, right from the opening verses which set the stage (verses 1-3). App-14. nephesh. So useful and helpful to their neighbours did these soldiers become, that the servants of Nabal could not help acknowledging as much. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-samuel-22.html. To complete the picture of this First Book of Samuel, we must unite in one the scattered notices of this same period which occur in the Second Book of Samuel and in the Books of Kings and Chronicles. thou chiefest among ten thousand; now art thou to me the altogether lovely, and the Captain of my salvation. 7 parag. 2 Samuel 22:1–51 David’s Song of Praise 22:1–51 pp — Ps 18:1–50 22 David sang d to the Lord the words of this song when the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. When his brothers and his father’s household heard about it, they went down to him there. Hebrew. But now, oh! 1 Jean 2 Jean 3 Jean Jude Apocalypse Précédent Précédent Pub campagne annuelle de dons 2020 - Pub droite TopBible S2 2 Samuel 22.30 Une force qui aide à surmonter les plus grands obstacles. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. (Calmet) --- The soldiers of Jephte were of the same description as these of David, Judges xi. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-samuel-22.html. and became their leader. 1801-1803. And every one that was in distress.] "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". In this he was a type of Christ, who receives sinners distressed with a sense of sin, discontented in their present state, and in debt, and, unable to pay their debts; see Matthew 11:28. and there were with him about four hundred men; among whom some think were the three mighty men spoken of in 2 Samuel 23:13. They wanted to be like other nations. a 2 He was joined by all those in difficulties or in debt, or embittered, * and became their leader. 1. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". . no uncommon occurrence in the daily life of the people. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/1-samuel-22.html. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". 2 All those who were in distress or in debt or … In Proverbs, for instance, we have some conspicuous instances. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". And every one that was in debt.—Throughout the whole long story of Israel this unhappy love of greed and gain has been a characteristic feature of the chosen race, ever a prominent and ugly sin. The insertion of this Psalm, which is not in the Book of Psalms, was probably suggested by … gathered themselves unto him; to help him, or rather to be helped by him; hoping in time things would take a favourable turn with him, and he should be advanced to the throne, and so their circumstances would be mended thereby: and he became a captain over them; they enlisted themselves in his service, and he took the command of them; he might not know the circumstances of those in debt, nor of any of them thoroughly, nor their views in joining him; however he meant not to shelter them from paying their just debts if able, nor to encourage them in disloyalty to their king, only to make use of them for his own preservation for the present. Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". Some went to him in the first days of his exile, others after the massacre at the sanctuary at Nob, others later, and thus gradually 400 gathered round him. They shall come, it is said, that are ready to perish: and I am also convinced that without thee I must, perish forever. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. And every one that was in debt.] Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. His title to the crown was incontestable, so that he might justly make war, particularly in his own defence, and receive those who flocked to him to screen themselves from the persecution of Saul, and from their debtors, whom they would thus enable themselves to repay in time, by the plunder which they would take from the enemy. 1871-8. 2 Samuel 22:1 "And David spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day [that] the LORD had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul:" The linguistic features of the psalm attest to its antiquity. They were a rough, lawless set of men, yet they could be kept in check by the influence of their beloved captain, David. While lurking in the caverns of those rocky fastnesses, they were on the confines of extensive pasture lands, over which were spread the vast flocks of the neighbouring proprietors. Hears of unless it be beaten the * Israelites wanted a king to them... 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