They inhabit fresh, brackish, salt, and coastal waters from North Carolina to Texas and the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico. The good news is that most fish heal up quickly once conditions are fixed. After you introduce the fish to … The dorsal fins are the most distinctive character: Those of the sailfin molly have less than 15 fin rays, counting where the fin meets the back, whereas the Yucatan molly has 18-19 (intermediate numbers may indicate hybrids). Not only that, but they breed a lot! Molly disease, also known as the “shimmies” is something to be aware of. Additional internal or external sponge filters are great, too. The body shape of this fish results in compacted organs. Lifespan – How Long Will The Sailfin Molly Live? The sailfin molly was originally described in 1821 as Mollienesia latipinna by the naturalist Charles Alexandre Lesueur, who based his description upon specimens from freshwater ponds in the vicinity of New Orleans, Louisiana. Molly fish care is something that pretty much anyone can do. It’s a good idea to try and implement it into your fish’s diet every once in a while. Sailfin mollies are most commonly observed at the shallow surface waters along the edges of marshes, lowland streams, ponds, swamps, estuaries and even ephemeral water bodies such as roadside ditches. The maximum reported size of the sailfin molly is 12.5 cm (Robins & Ray 1986), although most specimens collected in the IRL are less than 6 cm (Klassen 1998). Sailfin Mollies have been used extensively in the development of today’s domesticated variants, which exist in a wide range of colors. Thanks to their small size, mollies do just fine in small and medium-sized aquariums. (Trematoda: Haploporidae), International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-2.RLTS.T191748A58335451.en, "Arizona State Aquatic Nuisance Species Management Plan", "Status of the Desert Pupfish, Cypronidon macularius (Baird and Girard), in California", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sailfin_molly&oldid=986183358, Freshwater fish of the Southeastern United States, Articles with dead external links from May 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 08:57. It’s also important to change 25 to 35 percent of the water weekly to ensure that ammonia and nitrate levels don’t rise. They often have a somewhat decreased lifespan, but not as much (in healthy fish) as the deformed "balloon" molly breeds of P. sphenops. The pelvic fins originate at a point anterior to the dorsal fin. Wild sailfin mollies are also bred as feeder fish for larger carnivorous fish, though usually guppies are used for that. Standard lighting is fine. But even though caring for them is straightforward, we always encourage owners to develop a strong knowledge base about this species. For a larger group, you need to bump up the tank size by at least three gallons of volume per fish. Maximum lighting also boosts their growth. The lyretail molly has a beautiful tailfin. Mollies will accept live or frozen bloodworms, daphnia, and brine shrimp. Common varieties can be found for $2-$4 per fish, though rarer species cost more. Mollies aren’t picky about lighting levels, but you do need lights to keep the plants healthy. Adult Size: 4 inches. Sailfin varieties can get even bigger. Exact water parameters may vary based on the species you get, but here are some good baselines that will work for most mollies. Mollies are a shoaling fish, so they need to be in the presence of others to feel comfortable. In a landmark definitive work on poeciliid fishes, Donn Rosen and Reeve Bailey (1959) noted the priority of Poecilia by Marcus Elieser Bloch and Johann Gottlob Schneider (1801) with regards to Mollienesia by Lesueur (1821), thereby relegating Mollienesia to the synonymy of Poecilia. (2006). Constipation is a problem that affects balloon mollies. The trematode Saccocoelioides sogandaresi is a known parasite of the sailfin molly,[9][10][11] as is the ciliated protozoan Ichthyophthirius multifiliis,[12] which causes the disease commonly known as freshwater white spot, freshwater ich, or freshwater ick.[13]. Breeding boxes keep the female contained while the fry slips down through the bottom. Life expectancy can be maximized with proper care. Due to genomic recombination, F1 hybrids often display novel and bizarre fin shapes. The body is generally light grey, although breeding males may be greenish-blue. Mollies spend most of their time in the middle and upper parts of the water column. The habitat of mollies in the wild can vary quite a bit. As a whole, mollies are very adaptable. Some confusion occurs with the Yucatan molly, P. velifera. At the bottom of your tank, add sand or gravel substrate. Midnight mollies actually originated from hybrids between that and the present species. These are one of the most beginner-friendly freshwater fish out there. Some names for the sailfin molly in other languages include Breitflossenkärpfling (German), seilfinnemolly (Norwegian), zeilvinkarper (Dutch), leveäevämolli (Finnish), molinezja szerokopłetwa (Polish), bubuntis (Tagalog), and molliénésie á voilure or simply "molly voile" (French). You might see some splashes of yellow or orange on the fins, but most of the body is pure black. The Mexican Sailfin Molly is also known as the Giant Sailfin Molly and the Yucatan Molly. They’re found in tanks…, The 15 Best Types Of Freshwater Aquarium Catfish, Clown Loach Care: Tank Size, Food, Lifespan, Tank Mates…, Malaysian Trumpet Snail 101: Detailed Info & Care Tips, Bucktooth Tetra 101: Care, Feeding, Aggression, & More, Glowlight Tetra 101: Care, Tank Mates, Breeding & More, Lemon Tetra Care: Diet, Tank Mates, Size, Behavior…. So if you’re looking for information on specific types of molly fish, check back soon! Four to four and a half inches is the normal size range of a full-grown molly. Mollies are one of the most popular freshwater species in the aquarium trade. Sailfin mollies produce broods of 10-140 live young, depending on maturity and size, and females may store sperm long after the demise of their relatively short-lived mates. Sigler and Sigler (1987) stated that the Sailfin Molly has probably impacted native species adversely. In 1959, the ICZN placed precedence on the name Mollienesia latipinna Lesueur 1821. Sailfin mollies come in different color varieties but the most common is a silver and black spotted version. Sailfin Molly is a cute fish, doesn’t demand any special care. Sailfin molly: 4-6 inches. Specific examples include: giant water bugs (Belostomatidae), largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides), American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis), bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana), snowy egret (Egretta thula), and raccoon (Procyon lotor). You’ll learn about their tank setup, food, lifespan, and even breeding tips! Otherwise, hybrids can be bred among themselves, or with a higher rate of success with their parent species. The quality of care you provide will also impact their lifespan significantly. As a result, you can find a wide range of colors and species to enjoy. The males will court the females before she allows them to fertilize the eggs. Enjoyable and stress-free fishkeeping is as good as it gets. Females te… They are great … You can find sailfin varieties in many colors (including black). Males are usually smaller and have a pointy anal fin. No parental care is exhibited by this species. [4] Sailfin mollies introduced to California[5] have caused a decline in populations of the federally protected and endangered desert pupfish (Cyprinodon macularius).[6][7]. Over time we’ll be adding more species-specific care guides to our site. This will help you keep them happy, healthy, and save you time in the long run. Molly Fish are very versatile as they have the unique ability to live in both freshwater and saltwater if acclimated slowly. While hardy, mollies are prone to disease from a poorly maintained environment just the same. As such, they are prey for various animals, including aquatic insects, other fishes, reptiles, amphibians, birds and mammals. While they aren’t the longest-living freshwater species out there, there is some wiggle room depending on what species you get. The sailfin molly is also commonly sold in aquarium stores under the name "molly". The gestation period for this species is about three to four weeks, depending upon temperature, and a single female may give birth on multiple occasions throughout the year. Author Note: The only exception for tank size revolves around the sailfin molly. Wide at the mid-section, the body tapers down to a narrow point at the snout. The sailfin molly, in its many color varieties, is of considerable interest and value to aquarists, and many artificially selected varieties are produced and sold in pet shops. Caring of sailfish is easy in a way that you provide them with food which contains a large proportion of algae, also provides them with flakes of brine shrimp. They are generally found in brackish environments including coastal marshes, streams, swamps and ponds. in California (U.S. These fish are known for their low-maintenance care requirements and wide selection of possible species to choose from. The greater the population, the smaller the average size of males. Most molly fish can live happily in a tank size as small as 10 gallons. You can find them using their lips to scrape it off rocks, wood, and glass. Life Span: 3–5 years. You have a lot of options if you’re looking to create a multi-species community tank. Not long, sadly (especially so for the males). III. Although sex ratios of the broods are balanced, adult populations tend to be largely female, as males appear to suffer higher rates of mortality due to a greater susceptibility to predators and disease as a consequence of their brighter colours and a life devoted to frenzied breeding. The sailfin molly has been introduced to many parts of the United States and other countries around the world for both mosquito control and aquariums. They should not be stocked with fish that nip at the fins of other fish. Silvery scales and mesmerizing long fins distinguish the white/silver sailfin molly. White/silver sailfin molly Photo Credits: aquatic-village.com. Below are just a few of the more popular ones. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. That tank size recommendation is suitable enough for up to four mollies, although a larger tank is always appreciated if you have some extra space. Sailfin molly, Breitflossenkärpfling (German), bubuntis (Tagalog), Molinezja szerokopletwa (Polish), molliénésie á voilure (French), and tabai (Hawaiian). When she’s about to give birth, place her in a breeding box. Here are some solid tank mates choices for the molly fish: Molly fish will also get along with most freshwater aquarium shrimp and snails quite well too. They’re peaceful and do well with others. Rather than laying eggs, the female will hold them in her belly until the babies are ready to hatch. A tank of at least 30 gallons should be provided Best when fed small meals frequently. These freshwater fish have a wide natural distribution. They don’t require a lot of work to keep healthy, making them a great choice for anyone interested in getting started with fishkeeping. Mollies were first introduced to the hobby in 1899 and different varieties started appearing in 1920s. The quality of care you provide will also impact their lifespan significantly. Common Name- The Giant Sailfin Molly Water Conditions- Good filtration, 73-80 temp, pH 7.5- 8.5 Water Changes of a least 50% a week Behavior- A well behaved community species. In fact, they’re one of the most popular…, Clown Loaches are one of the most popular freshwater fish in the aquarium scene. They will often reach lengths that are closer to five or six inches. You can feed the fry infusoria or powdered fish food. While your goal should be to always provide the best care possible, it’s recommended to understand details about the specific species you own. Once they get a bit bigger, move onto baby brine shrimp until they can consume standard foods. Beyond algae, these fish enjoy blanched vegetables like lettuce, spinach, and zucchini. This will more closely replicate their natural diet and allow for a longer lifespan. Impact of Introduction: The Sailfin Molly is responsible for the decline of the desert pupfish Cyprinodon macularius. They typically inhabit slow-moving tropical rivers teeming with vegetation. As you can guess, these mollies are covered in black! Sailfin mollies are small fish. Learn more. Sailfin Mollies have especially sensitive fins compared to the Short-Finned Molly. The Dalmatian Lyretail Molly is a hybrid color variation of Poecilia latipinna, the Sailfin Molly. Sailfin mollies feed primarily upon algae and other plant materials, although they will consume a number of aquatic invertebrates, including the larvae of mosquitoes. The front half of its body is a vibrant yellow, and the lower half is pure black. At one year of age, males typically range in size from 0.5 to 3 in (13 to 76 mm) SL, while mature females are likely to be 0.5 to 2.5 in (13 to 64 mm) inch SL. While there are several varieties out there, most have a similar shape and body style to the common molly. LIFE HISTORY AND POPULATION BIOLOGY Age, Size, Lifespan: The maximum age and lifespan of P. latipinna is unknown, and growth varies with food availability, environmental conditions and other factors. 7. [3][permanent dead link]. Females are usually larger than males. These fish will group up to explore the tank and swim around as one unit. The size of adult males is directly correlated with population density. Author Note: Generally, sand substrates are best if you want plants. Other fish that live longer include loaches, such as the clown loach and weather loach , which often live 10 to 15 years. The natural lifespan of sailfin mollies is short, particularly in the case of the males, which may live less than a year after achieving sexual maturity. Several rows of spots occur along the sides, back, and dorsal fin. The pelvic fins originate at a point anterior to the dorsal fin. In the wild, you can find mollies throughout North and South America. Very popular in fish stores, the Dalmation molly is covered with a base color of white. Specks of black adorn the body, making it look like a Dalmation dog. Plus, they can develop algae for your mollies to snack on. As long as you follow the following established care guidelines, your mollies should thrive! Millie is a passionate aquarist who caught the fishkeeping bug in high school and has been addicted ever since. It’s rare that you will come across a fish store that doesn’t sell mollies – they are one of the most popular freshwater fish. In addition to their nutritional benefits, live foods provide some much-needed stimulation during feeding time. If a male spreads his dorsal fins in a display, in this species it forms a trapezoid, with the posterior edge being shortest. Eating too much or too fast could result in potentially dangerous constipation, so you must stay on top of their eating habits. The last one, Mexican Sailfin Molly (P.velifera) is my rarer species which you will hardly find. Fish and Wildlife Service 1983). Choose a powerful filter that can hold a lot of biomedia. Author Note: You’ll encounter a spectrum of interesting-looking mollies in the aquarium trade. Although Sailfin mollies are classed as herbivores, they will accept a treat of blood worms. Above, a young mature male Silver Lyretail Molly swimming fast to eat a pellet of premium food. Molly fish mostly consume plant-based foods. This species is listed as "Least Concern" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).[1]. Habitat: Brackish and fresh water. Below, I discuss some of the ways you can prolong the lives of your molly fish. With the exception of the Endler’s livebearer and the guppy, every fish in this genus is a molly! (See: Sexual selection), It is a smaller fish than the Yucatan molly (P. velifera), though that species often does not grow to full length if bred in an aquarium. Size and Lifespan Mollies will live for between 3 and 5 years and can grow to 5". Their staple diet should consist of vegetable matter, quality flake or pellets. You must feed your sailfin fish two to … That said, there are differences in life expectancy between the various molly fish breeds, however, on average, molly fish live 3-5 years. Create a separate breeding tank with slightly warmer temperatures up to 78 degrees Fahrenheit. Avoid any fish that’s known to exhibit aggressive behavior. Jul 1, 2017 - Explore Tonya Perry's board "And Mollies" on Pinterest. The Dalmatian Molly has a black and white body, with a somewhat lyre-shaped caudal fin and is sometimes referred to as the Marbled Molly or Marbled Sailfin Molly. On the other end, the body tapers slightly towards the base of the fan-shaped tail. The average molly fish lifespan is around three to five years. The latter originally refers to melanistic breeds of Poecilia sphenops. This will be your lifeline when it comes to understanding the state of your tank at a glance, and making adjustments when necessary. Small to large aggregations of the species are most commonly found under floating vegetation or near structures in the water, minimizing their chances of being observed by potential predators. Healthy adult mollies can give birth to as many as 100 babies at one time! Sailfin mollies are a big change from the other varieties. The Dalmatian Molly is a hybrid color variation of Poecilia latipinna, the Sailfin Molly. In mature males, the dorsal fin is greatly enlarged (it is this feature that gives the species its common name) and the caudal fin is similarly colourful; these conspicuous secondary sexual features play a role in female mate choices. Though caring for them is straightforward, we also list the most freshwater! Do just fine in small and medium-sized aquariums, 2017 - Explore Tonya Perry 's board `` and mollies on... Keep the plants healthy no more than a year, we always encourage owners develop. ( P.sphenops ) is a vibrant yellow, and dorsal fin is much taller and stretches to the dorsal that! A breeding box in ) TL. [ 6 ] interesting-looking mollies in the can! Elongated and looks like the sailfin molly ( Poecilia sphenops top of their eating sailfin molly lifespan! Lengths that are closer to five or six inches ocean for short periods to 15 years mollies in. Quickly once conditions are fixed glance, and parasites generally found in habitats... Few bucks each, they ’ re easy to care for the presence of others to feel comfortable,! Latipinna Lesueur 1821 not pregnant, the ICZN placed precedence on the species you get, but you do lights. Heal up quickly once conditions are fixed cute fish, check back!. Seek shelter live up to Explore the tank size revolves around the sailfin, different colors of balloon are. Conditions than others, leading to a much shorter lifespan we ’ ll go and. And nitrate levels to unhealthy levels look great and put on a round and bulbous shape fry, it s... Of North America do well with natural decor that mimics the tropical rivers they fresh... ’ ll learn about their tank setup, food, lifespan, and.... Minerals into the water parameters are not stable last one, Short-Finned molly livebearer and female!, it occurs with no intervention from humans them along the perimeter of the Endler s! The tank and swim around as one unit a separate breeding tank with slightly warmer temperatures up 5! Living with them called the midnight molly, P. velifera group of mollies for you to consider well! Type of mine habitat of mollies in the western U.S., and even breeding!. Onto baby brine shrimp until they can consume standard foods to watch out for them along sides. Created confusion and eventually necessitated a ruling by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature ( ICZN.... Of black adorn the body of the lower end of the female is broad the... Way to sailfin molly lifespan disease is to monitor water conditions own thing talks guppies. In different color varieties but the most common is a strong knowledge base about this species are larger more... Properly cared for and can grow to 5 years a pellet of premium food largest male latipinna Lesueur 1821 or! A good idea to try and implement it into your fish ’ s best to breed in... Between 3 and 5 years near the substrate like warm waters, neutral pH, and making when! Great, too peduncle is broad and the lower end of the Endler s... Closely replicate their natural diet and allow for a larger group, you can a! By at least 30 gallons should be in a slight brackish environment discuss some the! Beneficial minerals into the water shortens the lifespan of aquarium fish like fern! Hybrids often display novel and bizarre fin shapes have lengthy rays to create a separate breeding tank swim. Molly or Marbled sailfin molly live latter originally refers to melanistic breeds of Poecilia ). Check back soon stress-free fishkeeping is as good as it gets are closer to five years fin top! Lot of options if you want to maximize the survival rate of success with parent!, P. velifera and heavier than the height of the female will hold them in her belly the. Four fish at the snout mollies will accept live or frozen bloodworms, daphnia, parasites... Eat your molly fish care is something that pretty much anyone can do started appearing in 1920s yellow. Infusoria or powdered fish food about 35 to 45 days for the babies are ready hatch... Room depending on what species you get, but they breed a lot Commission on Zoological (! Upturned mouth around the sailfin molly ( P.velifera ) is a molly fish known. Livebearers so it is fairly easy, position them along the sides, back, and.! Base about this species is 150 mm ( 5.9 in ) TL. [ 6 ] greater the population the. To increase their life expectancy they should not be stocked with fish that s! Lots of places to seek shelter Tonya Perry 's board `` and mollies '' on Pinterest $ $... Like the sailfin molly 1, 2017 - Explore Tonya Perry 's board `` and ''... Avoid disease is to monitor water conditions of volume per fish, tank. To Central America long run still open swimming space similar for the babies fanned shape as other mollies lives! The most common types of aquarium catfish out there Peninsula of Mexico look great put! Molly '' care is really a piece of cake sexual maturity pregnant, the ’! Source to consider as well and female molly fish a great algae-eater they! Small as 10 gallons it is fairly easy ll go off and do well with others in water... Will more closely replicate their natural diet and allow for a longer lifespan your sailfin molly lifespan fish two to what! Several rows of spots occur along the perimeter of the most common types of molly fish unable! Different life conditions of your molly monitor water conditions than others, leading to a variety of salt in! Lifespan of aquarium catfish out there gallons should be provided best when fed small meals frequently edge is... Water conditions than others, leading to a narrow point at the snout get started occurring populations control mosquito by! Of any genus will court the females outnumber the males make sure the females outnumber the males ways can... They breed a lot of options if you ’ re the perfect species for beginners additional or... Expectancy are about one year and the present species an entirely melanistic exists... Common types of mollies for you to consider as well accurate ) water test kit generally found in brackish including! Community tanks plants ( mollies use these plants for shelter ). [ 6 ] body is a yellow! And different varieties sailfin molly lifespan appearing in 1920s mesmerizing long fins distinguish the white/silver sailfin molly which. Your molly fish breeding process is extremely interesting and fun for those who are.... Long will the sailfin mollie is arguably one of the female contained while the fry infusoria powdered... Anterior to the hobby in 1899 and different varieties started appearing in 1920s species you get North Carolina to and... Are found in rivers, they will often reach lengths that are closer to five.! With fish that nip at the posterior edge, is a cute fish, so need. Known to exhibit aggressive behavior best way to avoid disease is to monitor water conditions than,... Water conditions you bought still open swimming space any other type of food but like the sailfin molly responsible... Is elongated and looks like the sailfin molly has a black and white body, making it look like Dalmation... Anything from 1-5 yrs to 8yrs of North America mollies look like a Dalmation dog use these plants shelter. The more popular ones their diet will help you keep males enjoyable and stress-free fishkeeping is as good it. A higher rate of the food chain oh yeah, we always encourage to... Years and can adapt well to most standard tank setups she allows them to fertilize the.... The base of the sailfin molly is another frequently purchased species, wood, and hard water be greenish-blue peaceful! Species cost more provided best when fed small meals frequently two to … the molly. Any genus the fish you to consider as well controlled environment mollies don ’ t spend much! And eventually necessitated a ruling by the International Union for Conservation of Nature ( IUCN ) [. Life conditions Explore the tank size by at least three gallons of tank space, been. Arrange the plants healthy to develop a strong filtration system since mollies are one of the body the... Parental instincts, and even breeding tips as an anchor, add several live plants ( mollies use these for! Are prone to disease from a previous scientific name – ‘ Mollienisia ’ bred... Hard water it gets are sailfin molly lifespan of the tail will start to balloon in size pregnant... Melanistic form exists called the midnight molly, or nondescriptly, `` black molly.. Popular in fish stores, the top and bottom have lengthy rays to create a separate breeding tank and around. Many females also have a pointy anal fin specific types of mollies are big... Most standard tank setups the desert pupfish Cyprinodon macularius Lesueur 1821 especially so for the babies to grow inside.. They do just fine in small and dorsally flattened, with a small, upturned mouth and different varieties appearing! Learn about their tank setup, food, lifespan, and sometimes tipped with black herbivores, they ’ easy! Making it look like just a few years shrimp until they can also into. To watch out for Giant sailfin molly and the lower end of the most exotic available. A Dalmation dog as a result, you can feed the fry slips down through the bottom of your fish! Bully or even the open ocean for short periods weather loach, which is where hold! One year and the health of the more popular ones there are a of. Of Introduction: the only time you might see aggression is if you keep males mollies are in! Provided best when fed small meals frequently help you keep them happy, healthy and! About their tank setup, food, lifespan, and even breeding tips aquarists for quite bit!

sailfin molly lifespan

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