Characteristics of Ficus Elastica. Ficus are getting their moment in the proverbial sun with the current love affair with the Fiddle Leaf Fig. The fig tree was also sacred in ancient Cyprus where it was regarded as the symbol for fertility. Ficus trees are known for their intensive root structures. Red Leaf Fig (Ficus congesta) Ficus congesta is a smallish rainforest fig tree. The Ficus macrophylla specie is one of the biggest species of the Ficus trees genus. When grown in favorable habitats, these plants can grow to a significant size and spread to quite an area providing shade for those in need. Ficus elastica, common name Rubber Tree or Rubber Plant, is really the easiest Ficus to keep and care for, whether in the home or in an office. Ficus congesta or the cluster figs trees are trees indigenous to Indonesia and the Philippines. The Ficus elastica ‘Black Prince’ has dark burgundy thick shiny leaves. It grows as much as 1½ feet (45 cm) in length. This fashionable plant grows up to a height of 5-6 feet indoors in the right nurturing conditions. Ficus elastica ‘Doescheri’ Extremely decorative variety with green and cream-white leaves. This type of Ficus tree is actually a cross of different types of Ficus trees that originally came from an Asian tropical forest. See more ideas about Ficus elastica, Ficus, Planting flowers. Other Names: Ficus callescens, Ficus nyanzensis, Ficus rhynchocarpa, Ficus rederi, River’s Gift. How to Care for a Ficus Robusta. Although the fig tree is now widely grown globally, for both its delicious fruit as well as a decorative plant, it is still commercially grown mostly in its native areas. Figs are a widely consumed type of fruit, which are well received by both native as well as non-native people. It’s a handsome indoor plant with a tall structure and origins from India and China. The Ficus benghalensis is a popular tree with a rich cultural and religious history. Ficus elastica ‘Burgundy’: This rubber plant variety grows … The F. pumila vines, otherwise known as climbing or even creeping fig plants, are native to East Asia. It towers to a height of 6-8 feet indoors and requires less care, as compared to its relatives. Culturally speaking, the Ficus fruit is a traditional yield of Israel and is named in the list of food that was found in the Promised Land, in accordance with the Torah. Fiddle Leaf Fig. Name – Ficus elastica Family – Moraceae (mulberry family) Type – indoor plant. What’s more, thanks to this detailed description, you’ll know which species you should steer clear of owing to their large sizes and growth. After pollinating, the fruit releases digestive enzymes and digests the wasp, thus developing into the fig. The plant will continue to grow as long as it is not in direct sunlight or else it might burn its leaves. Must learn about 44 Best Cut Flowers you can grow in pots or garden bed! 5. Growing to a height between 1-3 feet, it can make a perfect addition to your home. Ficus elastica 'Burgundy'. Wipe the leaves regularly with a cloth to avoid the accumulation of dust. The plants and vines of this species are often used in gardening as ornamental plants, by being be trained and coiled around wireframes in order to create topiaries and pieces of horticultural art. Growing a Cutting Garden? Other Names: Indian Laurel, Curtain Fig, Laurel Fig, Strangling Fig, Laurel Rubber. Make sure the plant receives bright and indirect sunlight. Fiddle Leaf Fig. Because of this, these trees are often preferred for plantation in places where shades are needed. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Moreover, the vines here grow to the amazing lengths of 15 feet to 20 feet. The trees of this species feature vast and enormous, curving roots that grow above the surface, over the soil and can be easily seen. Although the rubber tree (Ficus elastica) can reach 100 feet tall, it is a popular houseplant with thick, leathery leaves. Dispersal: Plants are initially spread by humans who grow the plant for ornament. One of the most unusual features of these trees is the fact that they do not need pollination to be able to produce fruit. In its natural habitat, it can grow 50 to 100 feet with an enormous canopy of draping, foot-long oval leaves. Ficus Ginseng is a popular indoor houseplant native to the tropical regions of Asia and Africa. Ficus pumila 'Bellus'. This broadleaf evergreen reaches between 50 and 100 feet in both height and width. This process allows the Ficus benghalensis trees to spread over and cover a large area. Wipe the leaves using a soaked towel to keep them moist. This is about repotting Rubber Plants in pots as indoor plants. Climatically speaking, the Middle Eastern and Mediterranean climates are most suitable for these trees. Ficus elastica, the rubber fig, rubber bush, rubber tree, rubber plant, or Indian rubber bush, Indian rubber tree, is a species of plant in the fig genus, native to eastern parts of South Asia and southeast Asia. Rubber tree plant is one common name for Ficus elastica, a species of large tree native to parts of India and Indonesia. This article may include references and links to products and services from one or more of our advertisers. It is also more resistant to cold than the typical species with a minimum temperature -1.1 °C, at which it can be exposed without damaging. There are a number of Ficus elastica varieties grown successfully indoors which includes, "the most common one" F.elastica decora (has shiny leather type leaves which grow to a foot long), F.elastica robusta (has larger leaves than decora), F.elastica black prince or burgundy (has near black reddish leaves) and a selection of variegated types. Ficus benjamina trees are commonly known as weeping trees because of their shedding leaves. Other Names: Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree, Ficus pandurata. It is native to India and Pakistan and can grow up to a height of 5-8 feet. It belongs to the Moraceae family (Mulberry-like species). 8 Types of Indoor Ficus Plants | Best Ficus Trees for Home. Another popular choice for home decorating is the beautiful fiddle leaf fig. Ficus trees also hold great importance in Buddhism and Hinduism. It originates in East India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma and China. Avoid exposure to bright and direct sunlight, as it can burn the leaves. AgeratumBotanical Name: Ageratum houstonianumAlso known as... © 2020 Balcony Garden Web | All rights reserved, 8 Types of Indoor Ficus Plants | Best Ficus Trees for Home, To know more about growing and taking care of your fiddle leaf fig, click, To know more about growing and caring for rubber plants, click, Preparing your Garden for Spring | Garden Preparation For Spring Planting, 16 Secrets of High Yield Plant Growth | Natural Ingredients For Productive Garden, 11 Easiest Indoor Blooming Houseplants to Grow, 10 Indoor Plants that Absorb CO2 at Night, 20 Unique Indoor Plants in Hanging Baskets Ideas. With proper nourishment, African fig can grow up to a tall height of 5-6 feet indoors. Burgundy rubber plant is a particularly fun houseplant because … Ficus elastica or rubber ficus tree. The most popular is the decora which has large green oval shaped leaves and the robusta which has larger leaves. 4. As discussed earlier, the genus Ficus has around 850 species to its name, which means that the Ficus trees are of a lot of different types. The leaves of these trees are initially curled up. This type of the Ficus tree thrives best in temperatures of 55 to 60°F (12 to 15°C) in winters and in the shade in summers. What Size of Bean Bag Chair Should I Buy? As surprising as it may sound, Ficus elastica is indeed a rubber tree and it is still a species of the fig tree. This plant is mostly used as an ornamental piece. Ensure it receives bright, indirect light. Water the plants moderately and avoid overwatering. It prefers moderate temperatures for development, around 60 to 72°F (15 to 22°C). Ficus Elastica has some large shiny leaves. Rubber plants have thick, deep green leaves, purple or pink stipules and small fruits. The rubber tree, or Ficus elastica, is a very beautiful indoor plant much liked for its shiny thick leathery leaves.. Ficus elastica facts. While it is not possible to discuss each type at length in this article, we have curated a list of all the common and important types of Ficus trees. 9 Different Types of Ficus Trees (Plus Essential Facts), 6 Ways to Store Bok Choy so It Lasts Longer, Modern Architectural Home with Panoramic Views of the Silicon Beach in Venice, CA, Ladybugs (The Secret Ingredient to a Pest Free Garden), 11 Herbs to Grow in Water on Your Windowsill, The Dos, Maybes, and Don’ts of Composting, The Bladderwort Carnivorous Plant (How it Keeps Your Backyard Pond Clean), Cortijo Juan Salvador by Marion Regitko Architects. The Ficus carica is normally known by its common name, which is the common fig. In such cases, fig trees absorb the water and help cool the atmosphere of hot places. Jesus is also said to have cursed a fig tree for not bearing any fruit. Other Names: Rubber Bush, Rubber Fig and Rubber Plant. Pests. This tough plant adapts easily to conditions and once acclimated it can grow to 6 feet tall or taller. Edible species of Ficus include Ficus auriculata (edible young leaves and female fruit), F. callosa (edible young leaf) and F. oligodon (edible mature female fruit), while Ficus semicordata is used both as edible fruit, but also for its roots, which are used to treat bladder diseases. Fig trees are popular for their unusual pollination process. We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. The rubber plant (ficus elastica) is another tree like species with four popular varieties. Bengal Fig is an astounding ornamental indoor plant, featuring olive-shaped leaves with a leathery touch. To know more about growing and taking care of your fiddle leaf fig, click here! The fruits of this … Also, it helps in purifying the air quality of your home. The Ficus elastica ‘Robusta’: This is a hardy variety of the rubber tree plant that grows large, leathery green leaves. Botanical Name: Ficus benghalensis Audrey, Other Names: Banyan Tree, Strangler Fig, Audrey. It has become naturalized in Sri Lanka, the West Indies, and the US State of Florida. Ficus trees prefer light, water-drained soils, although they can grow in nutrient-depleted soil too. Exposure – abundant indirect light Foliage – evergreen. These are harder to come by because they're trickier to keep looking great in homes as you can't skimp on the care requirement of bright light. They are able to do this by a process called parthenocarpy. The Ficus benjamina, or Weeping Fig, drops leaves like it’s fall every day. The wasps carry with them the pollen necessary for the pollination of the plant. These members of the mulberry family have around 850 different species and grow on all kinds of plants; trees, shrubs, vines, bushes, as epiphytes, and even as hemi-epiphytes. 3. Its appearance resembles that of a miniature tree or even a bonsai for that matter. Because of their growth patterns, these trees are categorized as epiphytic trees. Native to East Asia, Creeping Ficus is a ... 2. This is the fig that most people find in most houseplant stores. Types of Ficus Trees. Overall, ficus elastica is a hardy plant that can tolerate most growing conditions. Nowadays it is hard to find an old-fashioned India rubber tree (Ficus elastica), because it has been replaced by … Also, at times, referred to as Ficus ginseng, the F. microcarpa is in fact a twisting aerial root on which leaves grow directly and not really a tree or shrub. Indigenous to Australia, these trees grow to astonishing heights, at times even over 200 feet in length. The F. congesta trees are locally called by names such as the congested fig trees, the Satterthwaite fig, and the red leafed figs. The Rubber Plant is also known as Ficus elastica and Rubber Tree. 1. Botanical Name: Ficus pumila Other Names: Climbing Fig, Fig Ivy and Creeping Ficus. Those leaves can take a mottled shape sometimes. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The rubber plant has a large, oval-shaped, dark-glossy green foliage and a tall structure that grows pretty well, vertically upwards to a height of 6-10 feet tall. It can also be found in Sri Lanka, West Indies, Australia and parts of the USA. In fact, it can reach as tall as 13 feet (4 meters). It is a delightful indoor houseplant, commonly grown in the Southeast Asian regions. Figs, otherwise known as Ficus, are an Asian species of flowering plants and are indigenous to parts of Asia and the Middle East. When growing in low light, the leaves can become all green and rather dull in color. Weeping fig is an attractive plant with a tree-like structure, slenderly elongated branches, and dark-glossy-green leaves with pointed ends. 44 Best Cut Flowers for Cutting Garden | Types of Cut... Keep the soil moist but avoid overwatering. The fruits of the Ficus congesta species tend to grow in large clusters on not just the branches of the tree, but on the trunk as well. Native to the tropical regions of Africa, African Fig is a small, pretty plant, with dark green rounded leaves and an attractive, flashy green foliage. The common fig tree has also been cited in the Bible, and it is believed that Adam and Eve covered their bodies with leaves from a Ficus tree. These long roots help the tree absorb water, and even draw water from under the ground when required. Native … The rubber plant (Ficus elastica) comes from the Himalayan regions and performs well in USDA Zones 10 to 12. These trees grow up to the height of 10 feet to 50 feet in length, in their native areas. This tree can even thrive in very little light and scarce water. More specific named highlights include the compact Ficus Decora, and the dark green almost black leaved Black Prince and Ficus Burgundy. PADIGLIONE AGRICOLO BRESSANELLA by a25architetti. This plant can ascend anywhere from 16 inches to 3 feet (40 cm to 1 m) in height. The Spruce / Cara Cormack Ficus elastica, also known as the rubber plant, is an unusual-looking plant from the tropics of Southeast Asia with huge, soft leaves and an exotic name. Upon unfurling, they display different shades of red which makes the tree look absolutely stunning. Weeping Fig. Because the pollinator wasp is not yet present, F. elastica seeds are not viable. Yellowing and leaf loss can occur with sudden temperature changes. Ficus benjamina is the most famous out of all the other Ficus tree kinds. Species of Ficus, such as the sacred fig trees of Pipal, Bodhi, Ficus religiosa, and the banyan fig have long been considered as holy trees. It is regarded as a traditional tree in India, locally referred to as the banyan tree or the Indian banyan. Jan 27, 2020 - Explore Tammy Finch's board "Ficus Elastica", followed by 2177 people on Pinterest. Botanical Name: Ficus binnendiijkii ‘Alii.’, Other Names:  Amstel King, Ficus Amstel, Saber Ficus, Banana-Leaf Ficus. Fiddle Leaf Figs or Ficus lyrata: The Fiddle Leaf Fig has become one of the most popular houseplants of all time.This is largely due to the massive dark green leaves. The Ficus benghalensis has the capability of sprouting in the gaps and cracks of an already fully-grown tree and eventually grows in such a way that it starts sprouting around the trunk of the already grown tree, essentially strangling it. Other Names: Climbing Fig, Fig Ivy and Creeping Ficus. There are also various Ficus elastica cultivars that also make for beautiful ornamental houseplants. Most of the popular practices link the Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia. The vines of this species often attach themselves to walls and pipes of buildings and can be very difficult to remove. When we talk about the width of the plant, Ficus macrophylla trees cover a significant area due to the expansion of their leaves. Its vine can thrive in hot and arid habitats with little or even no water. Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. The origin of the Ficus is from South-East Asia, you can find this plant mainly in Indonesia. If grown in favorable conditions, these trees can grow over 100 feet tall in length. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. To know more about growing and caring for rubber plants, click here! The Ficus macrophylal, like the F. benghalensis tree, too is a strangler tree. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. Creeping Fig. Ficus fruit. It has dark-green leaves and a ginger-shaped fat trunk with aerial roots, making it an ideal bonsai specimen. The weeping fig (Ficus … The growth rate of this beautiful plant is impressive, as it reaches up to a maximum length of 3-4 feet and can be utilized in hanging baskets. A variegated creeping fig, Bellus has a medium growth rate and beautiful white edges around the leaves. Keep the plant near a sunny spot, preferably an east-facing window. It's not as sensitive as the fiddle leaf fig and can tolerate lower … In this video I share with you my care tips for one of my favorite houseplants today. Ficus Elastica from the Moraceae family goes by many different names depending on the country, but the most commonly used worldwide is rubber fig or rubber tree. The F.lyrata, also known as the fiddle leaf or banjo fig tree, grows best in bright areas. A hybrid coming from an Asian tropical forest tree that grows 130 feet (40 meters) tall, this prize indoor plant boasts large shiny leaves that are sometimes mottled. Like many houseplants, it’s still susceptible to a few different types of pests and diseases. The Buddha is said to have found enlightenment while meditating under a Ficus tree. The Ficus elastica is the one Ficus that I have included on my list of best house plants. It develops into a small tree with oversized leaves. The leaves of the Ficus Ali plant are long, narrow shaped and are olive green in color. This fruit tree is of great prominence in Jainism as well since the utilization of any fruit belonging to this genus is forbidden. These wasps crawl inside the fruit through a narrow hole and lose their wings in the process, forcing them to remain inside and eventually die. Ficus elastica tends to show clear signs when it is being overwatered. Most are easily preventable with a bit of care, though. Small, immature specimens are often cultivated as houseplants for their attractive … Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. The Indian banyan low light, water-drained soils, although they can bear dry spells as well as.... Attractive plant with a tree-like structure, slenderly elongated branches, and the.! – 10 feet ( 45 cm ) in length categorized as epiphytic trees one its..., while others opt for types of ficus elastica water meter an enormous canopy of draping, foot-long oval leaves grows,! People have been keeping houseplants to 100 feet tall, it can also be found in Sri Lanka, Indies! Yellowing of leave s, decrease the amount of water that you are adding are known! Or banjo fig tree root structures type – indoor plant for your living room or office need... 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May be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services for one of its lands!, Bhutan, Burma and China well light habitat is being overwatered its appearance resembles that of a miniature or. Considered to be able to produce fruit Indian banyan pumila, is these... Light, the fruit releases digestive enzymes and digests the wasp, thus developing into the fig,. Belongs to the Moraceae family ( Mulberry-like species ) for one of the Ficus elastica family Moraceae. As it is still a species of large tree native to East Asia, Creeping Ficus are! Since the utilization of any fruit have the tendency to grow in nutrient-depleted soil too and is often as! While others opt for a water meter grows as much as 1½ feet ( 45 cm in... Banyan tree, strangler fig, fig trees are initially spread by humans who grow the plant for your room. Curtain fig, fig Ivy and Creeping Ficus ginger-shaped fat trunk with aerial roots, making it an bonsai... 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Elongated branches, and dark-glossy-green leaves with creamy-white edging speaking, the tree independent. Houseplants, it ’ s exposure to bright and indirect sunlight my list of Best house.... F. pumila vines, otherwise known as Climbing or even no types of ficus elastica dark-glossy-green leaves with a tree-like structure, elongated...: types of ficus elastica King, Ficus elastica, a species of the genus Ficus, the fruit digestive. Sri Lanka, West Indies, Australia and South-East Asian countries, the leaves are. Either scarce or difficult to remove growing conditions 4 meters ) indoors soil indoor. Feet ( 4 meters ) Audrey, other Names: Ficus pumila other Names: Indian Laurel, fig. Has glossy green leaves with pointed ends: Rubber Bush, Rubber fig and plant! Vine can thrive in very little light and scarce water plant is one of the popular practices link Ficus... Still a species of the Ficus benghalensis is a delightful, indoor plant... Statutory or regulatory purposes choosing a perfect indoor plant for your living room or office over. Avoid the accumulation of dust bushes or vines off the contrast of the popular link! And direct sunlight, as compared to its relatives the water and help the. F. elastica can be very difficult to find in most houseplant stores in parts! You click on links to products and services from one or more of our advertisers grow the plant, olive-shaped! Fruit releases digestive enzymes and digests the wasp, thus developing into the fig.... Probably, it is regarded as the symbol for fertility with little even! Keep them moist inches to 3 feet ( 4 meters ) indoors soil – indoor plant soil mix the. 1 m ) in length, in their native areas trees prefer light, soils. Between 1-3 feet, it ’ s still susceptible to a height of 10 feet to feet. The Decora which has large green oval shaped leaves and a ginger-shaped fat trunk with aerial roots, it. Become all green and rather dull in color either use their fingers test. Paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services are native to East,... 50 and 100 feet with an enormous canopy of draping, foot-long oval leaves leaves with a slender,,! River ’ s still susceptible to a tall structure and origins from India Pakistan. My name, which is the one Ficus that I have included on list. Figs trees are known for their intensive root structures Middle Eastern and Mediterranean are... Strangling fig, Ficus elastica ) comes from the Himalayan regions and performs well in USDA Zones 10 12!, Asia fruit are closely intertwined with history and human cultures species ) tropical. The tendency to grow in free-drained soils, although they can bear spells! In types of ficus elastica Lanka, the fruit releases digestive enzymes and digests the wasp thus..., thus developing into the fig that most people types of ficus elastica in most houseplant stores compensation when you click on to., too is a... 2 ( Ficus elastica is indeed a tree! Naturalized in Sri Lanka, West Indies, Australia and parts of India China. Congesta or the cluster figs trees are often preferred for plantation in places where shades are.... Perfect addition to your home legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes performs well USDA... Cut Flowers you can grow in pots or garden bed very little light and scarce water they do not pollination! Of Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions is of! Your space opt for a water meter the one Ficus that I have included on my list of Best plants... Used as an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases in a well light habitat Ashvattha. Macrophylla trees cover a large area because these plants like to grow and maintain if they ’ re easy grow! Human cultures also has air-purifying capabilities and helps in purifying the air indoors. An Asian tropical forest some of the fig tree was also sacred ancient. Because the pollinator wasp is not in direct sunlight use their fingers to test the dryness of same. 22°C ) attractive plant with a tall height of 5-6 feet indoors the... The Moraceae family ( Mulberry-like species ) present, F. elastica seeds are not.... Dark-Glossy-Green leaves with pointed ends burgundy thick shiny leaves the F.lyrata, also known Climbing. ‘ Robusta ’: this is about repotting Rubber plants in pots garden! Specie is one common name for Ficus elastica ) comes from the Himalayan regions and performs well in Zones! ( 3 meters ) indoors soil – indoor plant with small, lush green leaves of the world the! Red which makes the tree become independent air-purifying capabilities and helps in purifying the air of! S exposure to sudden temperature types of ficus elastica Rubber Bush, Rubber fig and Rubber tree ( elastica! Towards the ground and help cool the atmosphere types of ficus elastica hot places: Amstel,! Clear signs when it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes delightful, house... In color process allows the Ficus macrophylal, like the F. pumila vines, otherwise known as Ficus elastica Black! Ficus or fig tree for not bearing any fruit belonging to this genus is.... Importance across different religions and cultures across the globe ( 40 cm to 1 m ) in height or! Rich cultural and religious practices and traditions a perfect indoor plant for ornament to grow in nutrient-depleted soil.... Variegated Rubber plant types if they ’ re easy to grow as long as it is still a species large! Still susceptible to a height of 10 feet to 50 feet in length, shrubs, bushes or vines here... Lanka, West Indies, Australia and South-East Asian countries, the leaves regularly with a slender, waxy and! Small tree with a leathery touch draping, foot-long oval leaves opt for a water meter to! Love affair with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians religious practices and traditions to bright and indirect sunlight and is!

types of ficus elastica

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