Chile established a parliamentary democracy in the late 19th century, but degenerated into a system protecting the interests of the ruling oligarchy. Bachelet took office on March 11, becoming Chile's first female chief of state. Total trade with the U.S. was U.S. $14.8 billion in 2006. she said “um chile... anyways” and people have started using it as a meme, however, it’s been around and used in the black community for years For international dialing instructions to Chile, use our drop down boxes at the top of this page or check out our easy-to-use country code search tool. The introduction of these new products has also been accompanied by an increased use of traditional instruments such as loans and credit cards. They would remain largely independent until after Chile won its independence, and because of this the Mapuche have a heroic reputation in many circles. One-third of Chile is covered by the towering ranges of the Andes. Air assets are distributed among five air brigades headquartered in Iquique, Antofagasta, Santiago, Puerto Montt, and Punta Arenas. In January 2010, for the first time in 50 years—since the rule of Pinochet—Chile elected a right-wing president. The cabinet changes are not expected to affect government policy. Ricardo Lagos Escobar of the Socialist Party and the Party for Democracy led the Concertacion to a narrower victory in 2000 presidential elections. Under the slogan "Revolution in Liberty," the Frei administration embarked on far-reaching social and economic programs, particularly in education, housing, and agrarian reform, including rural unionization of agricultural workers. Chile's private pension system, with assets worth roughly $70 billion at the end of 2006, has been an important source of investment capital for the capital market. Archaeological evidence indicates that societies settled throughout Chile as early as the 600s BC. )Cell Phones: 23,302,603, 131 per 100 residents (2016 est. In Sept. 1973, Allende was overthrown and killed in a military coup covertly sponsored by the CIA, ending a 46-year era of constitutional government in Chile. Chile ranks number 63 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population. It is hoped that this, combined with some tax reforms to encourage domestic and foreign investment in research and development, will bring in additional FDI and to new parts of the economy. Chile has pursued generally sound economic policies for nearly three decades. 1:16 51 pm. Under the compulsory private pension system, most formal sector employees pay 10% of their salaries into privately managed funds. The offshore earthquake occurred near costal city Constitucion in the middle region of country. The northern Chilean desert contains great mineral wealth, principally copper. The Air Force also operates an airbase on King George Island, Antarctica. Chile, as a member of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) organization, is seeking to boost commercial ties to Asian markets. In Dec. 1993, Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle, the candidate of a center-left coalition and son of a previous president, was elected president. For the most part, though, pre-Columbian Chile was under the control of the Inca in the north and the Mapuche (also known as the Araucanos) in the south. Pinochet's brutal dictatorship led to the imprisonment, torture, disappearances, execution, and expulsion of thousands of Chileans. The Public Affairs Section cooperates with universities and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) on a variety of programs of bilateral interest. One protest in early June involved 30,000 demonstrators marching to the presidential palace, with some protestors throwing stones and pieces of wood at police vehicles. Together, the earthquake and tsunami were responsible for more than 500 Imports totaled U.S. $35 billion, an increase of 17% compared to the previous year. Chile's economic growth slowed to 3% for 2001, partly the result of a drop in international copper prices and the economic turmoil in neighboring Argentina. However, 80% of FDI continues to go to only four sectors: electricity, gas, water and mining. Chile began pushing for its independence from Spain in 1808. Chileâs territory combines over 4,000 kilometers of wind-blown, ocean-swept coastline, the immense, mineral-rich northern desert, the majestic peaks of the Andes range, with thousands of active volcanoes strung along its length, and the hushed mystique of the southern evergreen forests. Over the last ten years, Chileans have enjoyed the introduction of new financial tools such as home equity loans, currency futures and options, factoring, leasing, and debit cards. In 1970, Senator Salvador Allende, a Marxist and member of Chile's Socialist Party, who headed the "Popular Unity" (UP) coalition of socialists, communists, radicals, and dissident Christian Democrats, won a plurality of votes in a three-way contest and was named President by the Chilean Congress. Nearly all of the funds raised through these means go to finance domestic Chilean investment. Chile earthquake of 1960, the largest earthquake recorded in the 20th century. Chile's judiciary is independent and includes a court of appeal, a system of military courts, a constitutional tribunal, and the Supreme Court. Part B is a triangle. Santiago, or Santiago de Chile, is the largest and the capital city of Chile. Chile - Land area Land area (sq. Northern Chile contains a wealth of minerals, most notable of which are copper and nitrates. Chile was first officially controlled briefly by the Incas in the north and the Araucanians in the south. Nearly all of the scattered tribes were related in race and language, but they lacked any … The following is a list of lakes in Chile.It consists of lakes of varying types and origins but the majority of the lakes (especially those in southern Chile) are glacial in origin. To that end, it has signed trade agreements in recent years with New Zealand, Singapore, Brunei, India, China, and most recently Japan. Chile has a land mass of 756,096.3 square kilometers which equates to 291,930.4 square miles and makes it the 38th largest country in the world in terms of surface area alone.. Chile's Armed Forces are subject to civilian control exercised by the President through the Minister of Defense. The southern inland portion of the country is covered with forests while the coast is a maze of fjords, inlets, canals, peninsulas, and islands. The Aymara and Diaguita groups can be found mainly in Chileâ€™s northern desert valleys. This system was designed to create a stable government from election to election. Chile has historically undergone major booms and busts based on the performance of its copper industries. This area also is the cultural and political center from which Chile expanded in the late 19th century, when it incorporated its northern and southern regions. In September 2005, President Ricardo Lagos signed into law several constitutional amendments passed by Congress. They came to the area in search of gold and silver. National Geographicâs latest travel stories about Chile. During the period of Radical Party dominance (1932-52), the state increased its role in the economy. Tweet. Throughout the rest of the 19th and into the early 20th centuries, political and economic instability was common in Chile and from 1924–1932, the country was under the semi-dictatorial rule of General Carlos Ibanez. Allende's program also included the nationalization of U.S. interests in Chile's major copper mines. In the north is the driest place on Earth, the Atacama Desert, and in the center is a 700-mile-long (1,127 km) thickly populated valley with most of Chile's arable land. The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands. The country of Chile comprises a total land and water area of 756,950 km2. Industrialization began before World War I and led to the formation of Marxist groups. In the decades following its independence, a strong presidency was developed in Chile. Venture northeast of Providencia to visit Las Condes, a high-end residential area known for its sleek high-rises, swanky five-star hotels and relaxing Araucano Park. In January 2008, president Bachelet swore in six new ministers to her 22-member cabinet. Chile has a poor and deteriorating record of protecting copyrighted music, films, and software. In contrast, Santiago is located midway along Chile's length and lies in a Mediterranean temperate valley between the coastal mountains and the Andes. Although the student protestors did not get all their demands met, they did influence a huge drop in President Piñera's approval rating. The Mapuche won an important pyrrhic victory at the Battle of the Maule that would define the Incas' southern border for decades. Brush up on your geography and finally learn what countries are in Eastern Europe with our maps. Southern Chile is rich in forests and grazing lands and features a string of volcanoes and lakes. )International Country Code: 56, Internet Country Code: .clInternet Users: 11,650,840, 66.0% (2016 est. They were rescued in mid-October, weeks earlier than planned, lifted to safety one by one in a rescue capsule. Its three bordering countries are Argentina, Peru, and Bolivia. It has been relatively free of the coups and arbitrary governments that have blighted the continent. Chile Standard Time: Apr 3, 2021: The above time zones are used during other parts of the year. Only if the leading coalition ticket out-polls the second-place coalition by a margin of more than 2-to-1 does the winning coalition gain both seats. Factbook > Countries > Chile > Geography. Chile maintains one of the best credit ratings (S&P A+) in Latin America. ), Ethnicity/race: white and non-indigenous 88.9%, Mapuche 9.1%, Aymara 0.7%, other indigenous groups 1% (includes Rapa Nui, Likan Antai, Quechua, Colla, Diaguita, Kawesqar, Yagan or Yamana), unspecified 0.3% (2012 est. Total trade with Europe also grew in 2006, expanding by 42%. Mass demonstrations, recurring strikes, violence by both government supporters and opponents, and widespread rural unrest ensued in response to the general deterioration of the economy. Throughout 2011, partly inspired by the Arab Spring, activists continued to protest and started a movement which came to be known as the Chilean Winter. In effect binomialism meant that unless the most popular party was more than twice as popular as the next most popular party, each district of the country would elect one representative from each of the two biggest political parties. FinanceChile's financial sector has grown quickly in recent years, with a banking reform law approved in 1997 that broadened the scope of permissible foreign activity for Chilean banks. The price bands were ruled inconsistent with Chile's World Trade Organization (WTO) obligations in 2002, and the government has introduced legislation to modify them. A long, narrow country, it extends approximately 2,700 miles and has an average width of just 110 miles. Chile is a country in north-south direction along the South American Andes and directly on the Pacific. The Consular Section of the Embassy provides vital services to the more than 12,000 U.S. citizens residing in Chile. The executive branch consists of the president, and the legislative branch features a bicameral legislature composed of the High Assembly and the Chamber of Deputies. Land area, water area. Remarkably all of the miners survived. His term ended on March 11, 2006, when President Michelle Bachelet Jeria took office. It became the key force in coalition governments for the next 20 years. Total trade with Asia also grew significantly at nearly 31%. Folk music was popularized in Chile by folk music groups like Los de Ramon, Los Cuatro Huasos, Los Cuatro Cuartos, and others. Description Legal. For the first time in many years, Chilean economic growth in 2006 was among the weakest in Latin America. TRAVEL AND BUSINESS INFORMATIONThe U.S. Department of State's Consular Information Program advises Americans traveling and residing abroad through Consular Information Sheets, Public Announcements, and Travel Warnings. They will become active again after the next clock change as Daylight Saving Time begins or ends. Trade with Korea and Japan grew significantly, but China remained Chileâ€™s most important trading partner in Asia. Central area, Santiago and Valparaiso. Northern Chile is home to the Atacama Desert, which has one of the lowest rainfall totals in the world. CarabinerosAfter the military coup in September 1973, the Chilean national police (Carabineros) were incorporated into the Defense Ministry. Other articles where History of Chile is discussed: Chile: History: At the time of the Spanish conquest of Chile in the mid-16th century, at least 500,000 Indians inhabited the region. Santiago is its capital and largest city. Each coalition can run two candidates for the two Senate and two Deputy seats apportioned to each electoral district. How to dial to Chile cellular: dialing format for calls to a cell phone: 011 56 9 ???? Central area, Santiago and Valparaiso . The Spanish encountered hundreds of thousands of Indians from various cultures in the area that modern Chile now occupies. Piñera said he would use his business acumen to create jobs give private industry a more prominent role in the economy. As of January 2012, Piñera's approval rating hovered around 26–30%. There are three main ways for Chilean firms to raise funds abroad: bank loans, issuance of bonds, and the selling of stocks on U.S. markets through American Depository Receipts (ADRs). In October 2011, student representatives attempted to negotiate with government representatives led by Felipe Bulnes, the education minister. Chile is one of South America's most stable and prosperous nations. It settled its territorial disputes with Argentina during the 1990s. Besides the landmark 2003 U.S.-Chile FTA, the two governments consult frequently on issues of mutual concern, including in the areas of multilateral diplomacy, security, culture, and science. Chile's independent Central Bank pursues an inflation target of between 2% and 4%. The Chilean Army is 45,000 strong and is organized with an Army headquarters in Santiago, seven divisions throughout its territory, an Air Brigade in Rancagua, and a Special Forces Command in Colina. As of 2006, Chile invested only 0.6% of its annual GDP in research and development (R&D). The country, long known to be at high risk for earthquakes, has enforced strict building codes in urban areas, which helped to limit the amount of damage in these areas. Customer service representatives and operators for TDD/TTY are available Monday-Friday, 7:00 a.m. to 12:00 midnight, Eastern Time, excluding federal holidays. Chile hosted the Defense Ministerial of the Americas in 2002 and the APEC summit and related meetings in 2004. While Chile and the EU have signed a double taxation treaty, no such agreement exists between the U.S. and Chile. The police fired back with water cannons. Friday, November 27, 2020. He faced the widespread devastation of his country following the February earthquake, visiting the quake zone directly after his inauguration. Chile is also relatively well-known for its music, as one of the most prominent nations during the Nueva Canción movement. Piñera, who was elected to the Senate in 1990, owns a television station, a soccer club, and a large stake in the country's main airline, Lan Chile. Chile's electricity grids, communication, and transportation systems were badly damaged, severely hampering rescue and aid efforts. Since its return to democracy in 1990, Chile has been an active participant in the international political arena. The junta proclaimed Chile an autonomous republic within the Spanish monarchy. All four have been judged free and fair. Total area of Chile. The best time to visit Chile depends on what area of the country most interests you. About 800,000 Native Americans, mostly of the Mapuche tribe, reside in the south-central area. miles) 84.8 % of the population is urban (16,205,574 people in 2020) Chile ranks number 63 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population. In addition, the War of the Pacific (1879–1883) allowed the country to expand north by one-third. While itâs difficult to say which area of Chile is the best, itâs hard to deny that buying property in the regions just south of Santiago makes the most sense, either for a return on investment or for a place that you might want to someday call home. Time Zone News. ), Total Exports: $64.51 billion (2017 est. Fixed phone numbers in Chile are comprised of a single country code (+56), a 1-2 digit area code, a 2-6 digit region code, and a 30-70 digit line code. Official name: The Republic of Chile (La República de Chile), Total area: 292,260 sq mi (756,950 sq km), Capital: Santiago, 6.68 million (2018 est. Elected with only 36% of the vote and by a plurality of only 36,000 votes, Allende never enjoyed majority support in the Chilean Congress or broad popular support. The first Europeans to arrive in Chile were Diego de Almagro and his band of Spanish conquistadors, who came from Peru seeking gold in 1535. west of the capital, Santiago. The offshore earthquake occurred near costal city Constitucion in the middle region of country. During its 16 years in power, Chile moved away from economic statism toward a largely free market economy that fostered an increase in domestic and foreign private investment. German immigration began in 1848 and lasted for 90 years; the southern provinces of Valdivia, Llanquihue, and Osorno show a strong German influence. These officers provide information on Chilean trade and industry regulations and administer several programs intended to support U.S. companies' sales in Chile. 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