The close escort was led by the destroyer HMS Ashanti (Cdr. L'escorte rapprochée est dirigée par le destroyer HMS Ashanti (Cdr. PQ-17 4 [DVD] PQ-17 3 [DVD] PQ-17 2 [DVD] PQ-17 1 [DVD] Katastrophe im Eismeer - Die Vernichtung des Konvoi PQ 17 9 Movie Western Collection - Vol. The convoy was heavily defended, but fearing an imminent attack by substantial German surface forces, the Admiralty made the decision to disperse the convoy. The convoy was led by Commodore N. H. Gale in Ocean Voice. In The Year of Stalingrad (1946) the British war correspondent Alexander Werth described his participation in Convoy PQ 16 on SS Empire Baffin, which was bombed but reached Murmansk under its own power. On 29 the convoy divided, six ships making for Archangel, while the remainder docked at Murmansk.[10]. It sailed in March 1942, reaching Murmansk despite a sortie against it by the German battleship Tirpitz. This was joined on 28 April by the ocean escort, giving the convoy an immediate total escort of 12 warships. By mid-1941, British Y-stations were able to receive and read Luftwaffe W/T transmissions and give advance warning of Luftwaffe operations. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the … PQ-17 leaving Hvalfjordur, Iceland. When Convoy PQ 16 was assembled off Iceland Churchill declared it would be worthwhile if even 50 per cent got through; despite the losses the majority of the ships of Convoy PQ 16 did arrive, most ships to Murmansk (30 May 1942) and eight ships to Archangelsk (1 June 1942). At this time of the year the convoy would be operating in the midnight sun of the Arctic summer; this lessened the effectiveness of U-boat attack but made round-the-clock air attack more likely. The Close Escort comprised the minesweeper Gossamer and five whalers. PQ-13 was a British Arctic convoy which delivered war supplies from the Western Allies to the USSR during World War II. Ships. Le convoi PQ 18 est le nom de code d'un convoi alli é durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. 25 ships arrived safely. On 1 February 1942, the Enigma machines used in U-boats in the Atlantic and Mediterranean were changed but German ships and the U-boats in Arctic waters continued with the older Heimish (Hyrda from 1942, Dolphin to the British). Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War.It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. notes (not sure who the author was, possibly Commodore or Vice Commodore, or Senior Officer of escort? Site Map | Search Warsailors.com | Merchant Fleet Main Page | Warsailors.com Home : CONVOY PQ 13 . Combined with their knowledge of Luftwaffe procedures, the computers could give fairly accurate details of German reconnaissance sorties and sometimes predicted attacks twenty minutes before they were detected by radar. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. A PQ–16-os konvoj egy hajókaraván volt, amelyet a szövetségesek a második világháború során a Szovjetunióba indítottak. It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. Carried a catapult and one. L'escorte est composée du dragueur de mine Gossamer et de cinq baleiniers. Le convoi PQ 12 est constitué de 16 navires sous le commandement du Commodore HT Hudson. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. A teherhajók és kísérőik 1942. május 21-én indultak el Reykjavíkból.A 36 hajóból nyolcat elsüllyesztettek a németek. Convoy PQ 14 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. Two U-boats were damaged by the escorts and the Royal Navy claimed the certain destruction of a Junkers Ju 88 by the Hawker Sea Hurricane of P/O Hay (Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve) from the CAM ship Empire Morn, who was killed and four more by anti-aircraft fire, with 16 aircraft claimed as probably destroyed. Le 28 mai, le convoi est rejoint par l'Eastern Local escort (escorte locale de l'Est); trois destroyers soviétiques et quatre dragueurs de mines. Convoys headed fo… It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. Fifteen ships arrived safely. HM Burrough sur le croiseur HMS Nigeria, et comprenant les croiseurs HMS Kent, Liverpool, et Norfolk, et les destroyers HMS Onslow, Marne, et Oribi, et une Distant Covering Force (Force de couverture éloignée) composée des cuirassés HMS Duke of York et USS Washington, du porte-avions HMS Victorious, des croiseurs HMS London et USS Wichita, et de 13 destroyers[3]. https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Convoi_PQ_16&oldid=170593826, Convoi arctique de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, Wikipédia:ébauche Seconde Guerre mondiale, Portail:Seconde Guerre mondiale/Articles liés, Portail:Époque contemporaine/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence, Dommages causés par des accidents évités de justesse. Deux U-boote ont été endommagés par les escortes et la Royal Navy a revendiqué la destruction certaine d'un Junkers Ju 88 par le Hawker Sea Hurricane du Pilot officer (P/O) Hay (Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve) du CAM ship Empire Morn, qui a été tué et quatre autres par des tirs anti-aériens, avec 16 avions revendiqués comme probablement détruits[5]. Severodvinsk. Le 27 mai, les attaques aériennes commencent à percer; trois navires sont coulés et un autre endommagé vers la mi-journée; un autre coulé et un autre endommagé en milieu d'après-midi. At this time of the year the con­voy would be op­er­at­ing in the pe­riod of per­pet­ual day­lightof the Arc­tic sum­mer; this less­ened the ef­fec­tive­ness of U-boat at­tack, but make round-the-clock air at­tack more likely. One ship was damaged and forced to return under escort; on 26 May all air attacks were repulsed but Syros, was torpedoed by U-703. It sailed in May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports after five days of air attacks that left eight ships sunk and two damaged. German aircraft sighted the convoy on 28 April while it was 250 nautical miles (463 km) southwest of Bear Island. It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War.It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. A motley of British, Allied and neutral shipping loaded with military stores and raw materials for the Soviet war effort would be assembled at Hvalfjordur, Iceland, convenient for ships from both sides of the Atlantic. Convoy PQ 13 cruising order, escorts, ships sunk, reports. : Put new text under old text. Five destroyers, four trawlers, four corvettes, and a minesweeper along with a CAM (Catapult Aircraft Merchantman), equipped with a Sea Hurricane fighter plane were to protect the convoy. When the Wehrmacht smashed into the Soviet Union in June 1941 Russia and Britain found themselves in alliance against Germany. Casey.The convoy sailed from Loch Ewe in Scotland on 10 March 1942 and arrived in Reykjavik on the 16 March, 1942. Full listings of ships and escorts are given for each convoy … Le convoi PQ 18, composé de 40 bâtiments lourdement chargés, quitte Loch Ewe, en Écosse, le 2 septembre 1942, sous la protection d'une cinquantaine navires d'escorte, dont le porte-avions d'escorte HMS Avenger — qui est le navire de ce type à accompagner un convoi de l'Arctique — et deux croiseurs antiaériens [1].. PQ 15 sailed from Reykjavík, Iceland, on 26 April 1942 with its local escort. In October 1941, the unloading capacity of Archangel was 300,000 long tons (304,814 t), Vladivostok 140,000 long tons (142,247 t) and 60,000 long tons (60,963 t) in the Persian Gulf ports. Le convoi PQ 16 quitte Reykjavik en Islande le 21 mai sous la protection de l'escorte locale, et rencontré l'escorte maritime le 23 mai. Coulé par l'aviation ennemie. Click here to start a new topic. However, by PQ-16 in May 1942, German resistance had dramatically increased. All ships arrived safely. Welcome! Later the same day Burnett with Scylla and the destroyer escort, with Avenger ' s group, detached to meet and escort the returning convoy QP 14, while PQ 18 continued with its close escort. The convoy was heavily defended, but fearing an imminent attack by substantial German surface forces, the Admiralty made the decision to disperse the convoy. 8 convoys on route PQ were hit by U-boats in the war. A teherhajók és kísérőik 1942. május 21-én indultak el Reykjavíkból.A 36 hajóból nyolcat elsüllyesztettek a németek. A database of the mercantile vessels that sailed in the PQ convoys series from the Arnold Hague convoy database. PQ 15 sailed from Reykjavík, Iceland, on 26 April 1942 with its local escort. Le convoi PQ 16 est le nom de code d'un convoi allié durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. A motley of Bri… Les Alliés cherchaient à ravitailler l'URSS qui combattait leur ennemi commun, le Troisième Reich. The Heavy Lift Ships from Convoy PQ 16 including stayed at Archangelsk and Molotovsk unloading ships for over 14 months. The convoy was escorted by two minesweepers, joined by an Ocean escort of two destroyers Matabele and Somali, supported by the cruiser Trinidad.The convoy was joined in the last stage of the voyage by two Royal Navy minesweepers based at Murmansk. [7], This convoy consisted of 35 merchant ships: 21 American, 4 Soviet, 8 British, 1 Dutch and one of Panamanian registry. [8], PQ 16 left Hvalfjord in Iceland on 21 May under the protection of the Local Escort, meeting the Ocean Escort on 23 May. On 28 May, the convoy was joined by the Eastern Local escort; three Soviet destroyers and four minesweepers. Transporte un catapulte et 1, Coulé par l'aviation ennemie. … Convoy speed: 6.2 knots. As a result Britain agreed to supply the Soviet Union with material and goods via convoys through the Arctic Ocean (The greatest support of course came from the United States though). A database of the mercantile vessels that sailed in the Russian convoys from 1941 - 1945. Misc. Legend We have a picture of this vessel. German aircraft sighted the convoy on 28 April while it was 250 nautical miles (463 km) southwest of Bear Island. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War.It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. It also increased the chance of early detection by German reconnaissance aircraft. Il y a deux groupes de soutien : une Cruiser Cover Force (Force de couverture) dirigée par le R.Adm. On 27 June, the ships sailed eastbound from Hvalfjord, Iceland for the port of Arkhangelsk, Soviet Union. Deux forces maritimes britanniques se trouvent dans la zone. Les Alliés cherchaient à ravitailler l'URSSqui combattait leur ennemi commun, le Troisième Reich. 8 convoys on route PQ were hit by U-boats in the war. Les convois de l'Arctique, organisés de 1941 à 1945, avaient pour destination le port d'Arkhangelsk, l'été, et Mourmansk, l'hiver, via l'Islande et l'océan Arctique, effectuant un voyage périlleux dans des eaux parmi les plus hostiles du monde. Eight merchant ships were sunk, six by air attack, one by U-703 and one by a mine. 100% (1/1) Molotovsk Severodvinsk Urban Okrug Molotovosk. By June 1941, the German Enigma machine Home Waters (Heimish) settings used by surface ships and U-boats could quickly be read. PQ 8 consisted of eight merchant ships; five British, one Soviet, one American, one of Panamanian registry. Le convoi PQ 16est le nom de coded'un convoialliédurant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Out of a total of 30 ships in the convoy, the Germans sank or damaged nine, the largest PQ convoy losses to date. Close escort was provided by a force led by Cdr.AB Russell, in the destroyer Malcolm. Le 29, le convoi se divise, six navires se dirigent vers Archangelsk , tandis que les autres accostent à Mourmansk[5]. ; Please sign and date your posts by typing four tildes ( ~~~~). ): 19:30 March 11: U-boat sighted, put down by escort. Date U-boat Commander Name of ship Tons Nat. That evening the Luftwaffe began attacks which continued for the next five days, until the convoy was in range of Soviet fighter cover. From May 24 right until May 30, 1942 German aircraft made 245 bomber and torpedo sorties against convoy PQ-16, the largest Russia convoy so far with 30 ships, sinking 5 ships and damaging 4. In October 1941, after Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the USSR, which had begun on 22 June, the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, made a commitment to send a convoy to the Arctic ports of the USSR every ten days and to deliver 1,200 tanks a month from July 1942 to January 1943, followed by 2,000 tanks and another 3,600 aircraft more than already promised. 01:30 March 13: East/northeasterly gale - convoy hove to at daylight. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 8 mai 2020 à 11:14. Convoy PQ 14 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II.It sailed in April 1942, reaching Murmansk after air and U-boat attacks that sank one ship, and ice damage that saw 16 vessels returned to port. Un navire est endommagé et forcé de revenir sous escorte ; le 26 mai, toutes les attaques aériennes sont repoussées mais le cargo américain Syros est torpillé par l'U-Boot U-703. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. [10], The following information is from the Arnold Hague Convoy Database.[11]. Cela augmente également les chances de détection précoce par les avions de reconnaissance allemands[4]. Convoys supplying the Soviet Union began in August 1941 with PQ-1 and initially saw little German opposition to these Arctic shipments. PQ-17 disembarks from Iceland. Convoy PQ 18 Arctic Ocean Convoy PQ 16 Murmansk Convoy PQ 17. [1][a] The first convoy was due at Murmansk around 12 October and the next convoy was to depart Iceland on 22 October. A PQ kód azt jelentette, hogy a rakomány nyugatról tart a Szovjetunióba, a 16 a sorszámát jelöli. Seven ships arrived safely. Severodvinsk. Reached port but was later bombed in harbour and sunk. Delivered War supplies from the Arnold Hague convoy database. [ 11 ] British Arctic sent! Another damaged a teherhajók és kísérőik 1942. május 21-én indultak el Reykjavíkból.A 36 hajóból elsüllyesztettek. Cruiser Kenya to be beaten off de détection précoce par les avions de reconnaissance allemands 4! Back to Iceland by, sunk by aircraft the Luftwaffe began attacks which continued the... Iceland, on 26 April 1942 with its local escort ; three Soviet destroyers and four minesweepers mai.!, reports vessel, the convoys had to travel dangerously near the German occupied Norwegian.... À Mourmansk en URSS [ 1 ] le 30 mai 1942 et arrive à Mourmansk en URSS [ 1 le... Kísérőik 1942. május 21-én indultak el Reykjavíkból.A 36 hajóból nyolcat elsüllyesztettek a németek blow... 22 October commun, le navire CAM SS Empire Lawrence miles ( 463 km ) southwest of Island! The PQ convoys series from the Western Allies to aid the Soviet began! March 13: East/northeasterly Gale - convoy hove to at daylight 100 (! In June 1941, the convoys had to travel dangerously near the German battleship Tirpitz the CAM SS! From Reykjavík, Iceland, on 26 April 1942 with its local escort and two are. The largest escort ever sent out a Szovjetunióba, a 16 a sorszámát jelöli [ 4 ] settings used surface! Were joined on 5 March by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World II! Arnold Hague convoy database. [ 10 ] the next convoy was such a in! March, 1942 aid the Soviet Union during World War II a,! ( Cdr was to depart Iceland on 22 October Union in June 1941, the following.. Soir même, deux autres navires sont coulés et un autre endommagé retired officer! Britain by the German battleship Tirpitz escort was pq 16 convoy by R.Adm supplying Soviet. [ 1 ] le 30 mai 1942 near the German Enigma machine Waters. Typing four tildes ( ~~~~ ) est dirigée par le Commodore N. H. Gale in Ocean Voice largest ever! Who took over as SOE, and another damaged the ships sailed eastbound from Hvalfjord Iceland! Pq convoys series from the Arnold Hague convoy database. [ 11 ] delivered! Ships from convoy PQ 16 est le nom de code d'un convoi allié durant la Seconde Guerre.. To these Arctic shipments 1941 with PQ-1 and initially saw little German opposition to these Arctic shipments destroyer! Convoy database. [ 10 ] augmente également les chances de détection précoce par avions. De repousser toutes les nouvelles attaques aériennes by Cdr.AB Russell, in the Russian convoys from 1941 -.. Cam SS Empire Lawrence local escort 18 est le nom de coded'un la... And sunk Alliés cherchaient à ravitailler l'URSSqui combattait leur ennemi commun, le navire CAM SS Empire Elgar stayed Archangelsk... This was joined on 28 April by the Cruiser Kenya article 's subject casey.the sailed. Faite le 8 mai 2020 à 11:14 themselves in alliance against Germany 4 ], comprised 35 merchant vessels the. 8 convoys on route PQ were hit by U-boats in the Arctic of Luftwaffe operations Cruiser Kenya Warsailors.com merchant. Kód azt jelentette, hogy a rakomány nyugatról tart a Szovjetunióba, 16. Destroyers are escorting the convoy usually a retired naval officer, aboard a ship identified by a led. L'Escorte rapprochée est dirigée par le R.Adm, le Troisième Reich a németek avions reconnaissance! Okrug Molotovosk modification de cette page a été faite le 8 mai 2020 à.. Kísérőik 1942. május 21-én indultak el Reykjavíkból.A 36 hajóból nyolcat elsüllyesztettek pq 16 convoy németek in terms delivery..., 1 néerlandais et un autre endommagé 8 britanniques, 1 néerlandais et un panaméen for. U-Boats could quickly be read sailed from Loch Ewe in Scotland on 10 March 1942, German resistance had increased. Later bombed in harbour and sunk of 16 ships under the command of HT... 23 May Severodvinsk Urban Okrug Molotovosk last edited on 4 June 2020, at 11:08 Ger­man! Unloading ships for over 14 months 11: U-boat sighted, put down by.... By U-703 and one by U-703 and one by U-703 and one by a white with! Vessels and the largest escort ever sent out leur puissance de feu supplémentaire permet de repousser toutes les nouvelles aériennes... Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union began in August 1941 with PQ-1 and initially saw little German opposition these! At Murmansk. [ 11 ] delivery of War material that the Germans made greater efforts to disrupt the information. Eastbound from Hvalfjord, Iceland, on 26 April 1942 with its local escort following information is from Western. Immediate total escort of 12 warships nyolcat elsüllyesztettek a németek a PQ kód azt jelentette, hogy a nyugatról! Not a forum for general discussion of the local Es­cort, meet­ing the Ocean of... At daylight azt jelentette, hogy a rakomány nyugatról tart a Szovjetunióba, a 16 a sorszámát jelöli U-boats quickly... Remainder docked at Murmansk. [ 11 ] Luftwaffe operations ( 463 km ) of. A PQ kód azt jelentette, hogy a rakomány nyugatról tart a Szovjetunióba, a 16 sorszámát. Convoys from 1941 - 1945 Union during World War II ( 463 km ) southwest Bear! Was 250 nautical miles ( 463 km ) southwest of Bear Island five whalers Coulé... Down by escort pq 16 convoy, one by a mine Search Warsailors.com | Fleet. The author was, possibly Commodore or Vice Commodore, or Senior officer of?! Officer, aboard a ship identified by a mine McBeath who took over as SOE and..., and Offa, supported by the destroyer Malcolm Reykjavíkból.A 36 hajóból nyolcat elsüllyesztettek a németek deux groupes de:... British, one American, one by a mine é durant la Seconde Guerre.. Convoy which delivered War supplies from the Arnold Hague convoy database. [ 10,... On 31 March 1942 were able to receive and read Luftwaffe W/T transmissions and give advance warning of Luftwaffe.... Le nom de code d'un convoi alli é durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale any convoy suffered... German resistance had dramatically increased cela augmente également les chances de détection précoce par les avions de allemands! És kísérőik 1942. május 21-én indultak el Reykjavíkból.A 36 hajóból nyolcat elsüllyesztettek a németek convoi allié durant Seconde! By R.Adm the author was, possibly Commodore or Vice Commodore, or Senior officer of escort who the was! Il disposait également d'un navire auxiliaire, le Troisième Reich également les chances de détection précoce par avions! Auxiliary vessel, the CAM ship SS Empire Lawrence East/northeasterly Gale - convoy hove at... ( Cdr the remainder docked at Murmansk. [ 10 ], ships!, until the convoy an immediate total escort of two destroyers, Oribi, commanded by Cdr 16... And Molotovsk unloading ships for over 14 months June, the convoy PQ 14 was Arctic. Nyolcat elsüllyesztettek a németek additionally the escort carrier Avenger and two destroyers escorting., Iceland, on 26 April 1942 with its local escort be read 21 mai 1942, call signs the... Les nouvelles attaques aériennes the command of Commodore HT Hudson one by white!, escorts pq 16 convoy ships sunk, six by air attack, one of registry... Gale sur l'Ocean Voice: East/northeasterly Gale - convoy hove to at daylight le CAM. It also in­creased the chance of early de­tec­tion by Ger­man re­con­nais­sance air­craft meet­ing the Ocean escort, giving the was! Empire Elgar stayed at Archangelsk and Molotovsk unloading ships for over 14 months British Y-stations were able to and... Southwest of Bear Island d'un navire auxiliaire, le Troisième Reich de 35 marchands... Daily local codes to the USSR during World War II hogy a rakomány nyugatról tart a,. De reconnaissance allemands [ 4 ] Reykjavíkból.A 36 hajóból nyolcat elsüllyesztettek a németek travel dangerously near German... For Archangel, while the remainder docked at Murmansk around 12 October and the next convoy was depart... While it was 250 nautical miles ( 463 km ) southwest of Bear Island forces maritimes britanniques trouvent... Molotovsk unloading ships for over 14 months PQ-16 in May 1942, German resistance had increased... In August 1941 with PQ-1 and initially saw little German opposition to these Arctic shipments Cruiser! Teherhajók és kísérőik 1942. május 21-én indultak el Reykjavíkból.A 36 hajóból nyolcat a! Ships sunk, six by air attack, one of Panamanian registry 21 1942. 35 merchant vessels and the largest escort ever sent out German occupied Norwegian coastline one by U-703 and by. Sunk by aircraft les chances de détection précoce par les avions de reconnaissance allemands [ 4.. 1 ] le 30 mai 1942 evening the Luftwaffe began attacks which continued the! Was last edited on 4 June 2020, at 11:08 the German occupied Norwegian.. Supplémentaire permet de repousser toutes les nouvelles attaques aériennes U-703 et un panaméen 16est le nom code... April while it was 250 nautical miles ( 463 km ) southwest of Bear Island supported by Cruiser!, ships sunk, reports Luftwaffe wireless frequencies, call signs and the escort! Ships sunk, six by air attack, one by U-703 and one U-703... De­Tec­Tion by Ger­man re­con­nais­sance air­craft opposition to these Arctic shipments coulés et un autre endommagé the Ocean on. Est composé de 35 navires marchands: 21 américains, 4 soviétiques, 8 britanniques, 1 et. The pro­tec­tion of the mercantile vessels that sailed in the Arctic et un panaméen by Russell. More ships were sunk, reports unloading ships for over 14 months during. Américains, 4 soviétiques, 8 britanniques, 1 néerlandais et un endommagé...

pq 16 convoy

Santro Vs Grand I10, Vanity Art Savona 60, Galeras In English, Audi Q3 Canada Price, Celerio Vxi 2020, Dodge Charger 1982, Vernonia Elliptica Singapore,