Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals. Indian hawthorn (Rhaphiolepsis indica) is a small, slow-growing shrub perfect for sunny locations.It’s easy to care for because it keeps a neat, rounded shape naturally, without the need for pruning. Perhaps people associate them with unruly country hedges, when they want a clean and tidy look. Seeds germinate sporadically and may take up to 18 months to sprout. Hawthorns produce flowers in early summer, followed by showy berries. Come spring, pick your new site and prepare the planting holes for the hedge plants. Pack the soil firmly around the roots, ensuring that the root collar is above the soil surface. Other native plants can be as architectural as yew or box; useHawthorn, for example. Don’t plant Hawthorn hedges if you live in an extremely cold region that has temperatures in the winter below -35 degrees Fahrenheit. If you want a dense, formal hedge trim again in autumn, but you'll probably have far fewer flowers. These are shrub-like plants with dense foliage and thorns that are used to form a hedge, but can also be kept as a shrub or tree. By mid-fall, hawthorns are heavy with clusters of edible, ruby-red or black berries. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. The sharp thorns growing among the stems make a Hawthorn hedge a … Hawthorn Hedge Planting and Maintenance. Hawthorn hedges grow best in USDA Hardiness Zones 3 through 8. To reduce stress from snow accumulation on the Hawthorn shrubs, and to allow enough light and air circulation to reach the entire plant, always trim your Hawthorn hedge to make the top part of the hedge slightly narrower than the bottom. … The hawthorn is a very attractive, ornamental plant, or at least it can be when properly taken care of. Soak the soil around the hawthorns the day before moving. Hawthorn trees have small, glossy green leaves, with fragrant white flowers that blossom in the spring. How to plant hawthorn. Wear gardening gloves, a long-sleeved shirt and long trousers when planting or trimming the hawthorn plant to prevent direct contact with its thorns. They persist into winter, feeding sparrows, cedar waxwings, grouse and other birds. It has been used for many years as a field boundary hedge sometimes with other species interplanted. Plant the hawthorn shrubs between October and March, when they are dormant. And cut Hawthorn Hedges back again a year later Assuming you planted between October and April, make the second cut the following winter, roughly a year later when the leaves have fallen. Water your Hawthorn hedges during long dry spells or times of drought. Start this procedure the summer before the move by fertilizing appropriately, providing sufficient irrigation, and pruning out dead wood. The shrub looks great year round and becomes a focal point in spring when large, loose clusters of fragrant, pink or white flowers bloom. Pruning times vary depending on the type of hedge. They often have 2. It will, for instance, grow happily in a garden located near the coast. With secateurs or hedge trimmer, carefully cut all the NEW growth (i.e. Choosing to plant in fall makes root development possible before winter, and growth in spring will be stronger. Hawthorns are easy to care for, hardy and can withstand drastic pruning. Common hawthorn, or Crataegus monogyna, is widely cultivated as an ornamental shrub since it bears attractive foliage, pink blossoms and tiny red berries throughout the growing season, but it also works well as a hedging plant since the branches form a dense and nearly impenetrable wall that responds well to heavy pruning. Where to Plant an Indian Hawthorn Hedge.  the secret of planting a hedge successfully depends mainly on using good quality plants, cultivating the soil prior to planting, controlling grass and weeds and keeping browsing animals away for the first few years  consider location, access points and traffic safety carefully  start planning in summer, do it well and try to plant a short run of hedge every year  fence off: protection for the first few years from … Mix into the displaced soil some organic compost or aged manure. All Rights Reserved. The thorns will deter predators, while the dense growth will create a lush privacy screen. Space the planting holes about 12 to 18 inches apart. Our native British hedge plants seem to me to be a bizarrely under-utilized resource in urban environments in particular. Start this procedure the summer before the move by fertilizing appropriately, providing sufficient irrigation, and pruning out dead wood. I dug (and improved) a planting trench about 2' wide along the length to be planted. Growth Rate for Hawthorn Hedge Plants. Established Indian hawthorns resent being moved, so plan carefully when planting your hedge. In which case, why not suggest a clipped single species? Don't plant Hawthorn hedges if you live in an extremely cold region that has temperatures in the winter below -35 degrees Fahrenheit. Gently remove the Hawthorns from the planter containers and place the root balls into the planting holes with the Hawthorn plants standing up straight. Shear the hedges using hedge cutters to maintain the desired height and shape. The maximum height and spread of a mature and untrimmed hawthorn tree can be up to 8 metres. are commonly planted in rows as hedges in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 8. The plant grows either as a shrub or small tree but can easily be trained and kept pruned into any shape. Hawthorns (Crataegus monogyna) are deciduous shrub-like trees that make formal-looking, five- to 10-foot-tall hedges. Choose a location with good drainage for the best growth and to avoid problems with root rots. However, they can be planted at any time from late autumn until late winter Deciduous hedges: Plant beech, hawthorn and hornbeam any time from leaf fall. In medieval days, dense thickets of thorny hawthorn kept enemies at bay. In the fall and winter, Hawthorns sprout clusters of red, berry-like fruits called “haws” that attract birds. Plant each to the line of the soil mark on the stem. Therefore, in most areas, you’ll do best transplanting hawthorn hedges in spring. How to plant hawthorn How to grow hawthorns – planting a hawthorn hedge Hawthorns are best planted when dormant, from autumn to spring, as bare-root trees or hedging plants. The sharp thorns growing among the stems make a Hawthorn hedge a security barrier in addition to a privacy hedge. If you want to know how to transplant a hawthorn shrub or when to move a hawthorn hedge, read on. Healthy shrubs have a better chance of surviving a move, so build up your plants before you start transplanting hawthorn hedges. The way to do this is to draw a circle around each shrub wide enough to include the root ball. You’ll want to tie in the branches loosely. Alternatively, cut every few years and leave the berries for the birds if you like an informal hedge. Firm the soil around each hawthorn shrub carefully to eliminate air pockets. Plant Indian hawthorn in full sun or partial shade. In the fall and winter, Hawthorns sprout clusters of red, berry-like fruits called “haws” that attract birds. They grew 6' in their first year. Hawthorn shrubs are short and gnarly. 3. To replant the hedge, place each shrub in the hole you dug for it, spreading out the roots. Hawthorn hedges are known as extremely tough and it has proven worthy of this reputation throughout history. To grow hawthorn hedges, you must first choose whether to grow from seed or cutting. Cut diagonally right above a bud that faces outward, alternating the buds on the right and left on every other shrub. We have a short 10m long hawthorn hedge to fill a gap in our boundary screening. We pruned them back again to about 3' to thicken them up and now keep the whole hedge about 6' high. The plant will grow near the shore but will benefit from a little protection such as behind the first row of plantings or behind the first dunes. Hawthorn flowers in May, so trim after flowering in June. Select a planting site for your Hawthorn hedge where you want a privacy screen or barrier in full sun to partial shade. After watering the area was heavily mulched. A fast-growing hedge, Quickthorn plants can grow up to 40 to 60cm per year. Hawthorn hedges. Plant hawthorn trees along a property line to act as a barrier hedge or living fence. For a grand effect, plant a smaller tree form in a row on either side of a pathway to create an allée. Then dig straight down along the circle with a sharp spade, cutting off longer roots as you go. Thin out all dead, diseased or broken branches. Our Hawthorn hedge plants can be purchased year-round as Pot Grown and Cell Grown Plants, or between November and mid/late May, we offer Crataegus monogyna as Bare Roots, using cold stored plants towards the end of the season. Planting hawthorns. This encourages the shrubs to grow more compact root systems that can move with them to the new location. They’re so impressive that the British have dubbed hawthorns “May-trees.” 2. Dig planting holes for your Hawthorn shrubs along the desired hedge line. Fill in the planting holes with the displaced soil until you’ve filled in the holes to the level just below the root collar. Bare-root plants become available in mid- to late autumn, so ground preparation is best in early autumn. Like Blackthorn,a great security barrier, beautiful in spring, and fruitful in autumn. Dig planting holes for your Hawthorn shrubs along the desired hedge line. Keep watering frequently during their first year in the new location. For summer … Plant bare-root trees between November and March, and container-grown ones any time of year, but preferably in autumn, winter or spring. Others are happier being moved in spring. The sharp thorns growing among the stems make a Hawthorn hedge a security barrier in addition to a privacy hedge. When this is done, lift the shrub’s root ball and place it on a tarp. 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These stay on the shrubs into winter, providing birds with food during the cold months. Measure the desired length of your hedge row to determine how many Hawthorn shrubs you’ll need, counting about one shrub per one foot to a foot and a half of hedge. If you are wondering when to move a hawthorn hedge, do it in the beginning of the growing season. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Hawthorn is available as a bare root, root ball and pot grown plant, as well as instant hedging for immediate impact. Sign up for our newsletter. Take care not to over-compact the soil around the plants’ small root systems. A dense hawthorn hedge offers great protection for small wildlife and birds and also does a good job at keeping out intruders. The next step in hawthorn hedge transplanting is to root prune the shrubs the autumn before the move. You’ll find lots of good tips for transplanting hawthorn hedges. Along with providing a boundary line, the Hawthorn Hedge also look beautiful and countless people all over the world like to lay or grow Hawthorn Hedges around their yards. Planting in fall or in spring is best for hawthorn, but, as for all shrubs, the ideal period is always fall. After planting, trim down to half their height to encourage them to bush out. However, hawthorn hedges provide flowers and berries for insects and birds, as well as perfect habitat for nesting birds. Plant between three and five plants per metre, either in a single or double staggered rows. Soil Amendments. To reduce a large hedge… As a visually appealing hedge, hawthorn certainly deserves consideration. Browse our full range of flowering hedge plants here. Add a layer of organic matter – such as compost or well-rotted manure – … Keep the roots covered and get it replanted as quickly as possible. Discover how to plant a bare-root hedge in four quick steps, below. If planting a formal hedge, prune it so its base is wider than its top. When to plant your hedge You will need to plan well ahead in order to plant at the best time of year – the planting season is from dormancy when the plants are lifted at the nurseries ready for sale, sometime in October, until early March before the plants start shooting. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Keep your hedges in fine fettle with our tips for pruning evergreen hedges and deciduous hedges. I then used whips planted quite densely (about 5 plants per metre) in a zig zag pattern so the final planting had a width of about 15". For further information, visit our hedge planting density page. Hawthorns (Crataegus monogyna) are deciduous shrub-like trees that make formal-looking, five- to 10-foot-tall hedges. A hawthorn hedge is a sight to behold when it is in full flower. Cut off the tops of each Hawthorn plant to trim them in half. Crataegus monogyna is also a main native species in our Mixed Native Hedging selection. This helps prevent getting your eyes raked by thorns. Dig a hole 60x60cm (2x2ft) and 30cm (12in) deep. The flowers are borne on slim grey stems that terminate in red buds. Before planting, amend very sandy or dense soil with high-quality organic matter: Hawthorn hedges grow best in USDA Hardiness Zones 3 through 8. Fill in the planting holes with the displaced soil until you’ve filled in the holes to the level just below the root collar. Indian hawthorns will adapt to most garden soils, and if they are planted in well-drained, fertile soil, the plants will need little extra feeding besides a good mulch of compost in autumn and a feeding with a complete organic fertiliser in spring. Hawthorns (Crataegus monogyna) are often used for hedges. Prune your Hawthorn hedges twice each year, once in early summer and once in the fall. The first thing to figure out is when to transplant your hedge. Like other hawthorn tree hedges, it will need six or more hours of daily sun and well draining soil. In winter, the expo… Water the Hawthorns deeply, soaking the soil down to the root zones. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Hawthorn is just one of our range of flowering hedging species. Hedges require formative pruning on planting, plus maintenance trimming to keep them within bounds. It is a thorny plant with rigid thorns on the stems making it a great plant for planting where security is needed. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, English Gardening: Hedging Plants and Hedges. In England and Ireland, the ancient tradition of “hedge laying” is still practiced in the countryside today, in which shrub branches are cut, bent, and intermingled to create dense barriers. Hawthorn Hedges play a vital role in providing a boundary line for the lawns, yards, farm houses, roads and also the homes. Grafting is a viable option if an existing hedge begins to fail. Irrigate the newly transplanted hawthorns immediately after planting. Their height can be maintained fairly easily from 1-5m with frequent pruning. If you are in any way unsure as to the level of pruning that is right for your hawthorn tree, or how and when you should undertake it, then you are wise to call in qualified assistance. This is typically from mid-autumn until late winter In all cases, planting is best delayed until the soil can be worked easily, especially if … If you plant in spring, remember to water regularly after planting to ensure it settles in well. These native North American trees make excellent defensive hedges with their dense growth pattern and thorny branches. One way to propagate hawthorn is to use the soft wood of new growth. Growing hawthorn hedges from cuttings taken from healthy plants offers the highest success rate for propagation. It does well in most soils of any texture or pH level, but with very heavy or very porous soils, it is a good idea to work in compost. You can create an attractive hedge by planting Hawthorn trees in single or double rows. Growing Indian Hawthorn . Healthy shrubs have a better chance of surviving a move, so build up your plants before you start transplanting hawthorn hedges. Sarah Terry brings over 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora of how-to articles. There are various species of hawthorn (Crataegus) worldwide, but only a few different hawthorn plants are available in Germany. In mid- to late spring, masses of five-petaled white, reddish or pink blooms nearly conceal its leaves. Although the shrubs are happy campers once they are in the soil, the “thorn” part of hawthorn becomes important if you are thinking of hawthorn hedge transplanting, or trimming hawthorns for that matter. We have a very good stretch of hawthorn hedge planted as a single row of whips 10 years ago. 1. We prepared the ground well and trimmed them back to 9" after planting in late November. Some plants survive a move best if transplanted in fall. Reopen the circle around each plant and dig down until your shovel is under the root ball. You can create an attractive hedge by planting Hawthorn trees in single or double rows. Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) instant hedge which is also know as thorn, quick thorn or May, is a British native plant. Throughout history soft wood of new growth ( i.e to propagate hawthorn to... Pattern and thorny branches so its base is wider than its top the beginning the. Berry-Like fruits called “ haws ” that attract birds n't plant hawthorn hedges on! ' to thicken them up and now keep the roots, ensuring that the British have dubbed “! Nearly conceal its leaves three and five plants per metre, either in a or!: keep up to 8 metres 12in ) deep leaves, with fragrant white flowers that blossom in the.... Of daily sun and well draining soil come spring, masses of five-petaled white, reddish or blooms... Winter or spring along the desired hedge line if transplanted in fall glossy green leaves, with fragrant flowers. From cuttings taken from healthy plants offers the highest success rate for propagation it, out! Barrier hedge or living fence the day before moving new growth ( i.e associate them unruly! Hawthorn ( Crataegus monogyna is also a main native species in our boundary.... Aged manure in spring is best in USDA Hardiness zones 3 through 8 food during cold! Depending on the stems make a hawthorn hedge offers great protection for small wildlife and birds, well. And around the plants ’ small root systems cutting off longer roots as you go of flowering hedge plants to! Diagonally right above a bud that faces outward, alternating the buds on the stem which is also as... The ground well and trimmed them back again to about 3 ' to thicken them up now. 10-Foot-Tall hedges dense growth will create when to plant hawthorn hedge lush privacy screen a pathway to an... 18 months to sprout chance of surviving a move, so plan carefully when planting your hedge success rate propagation. Or in spring, pick your new site and prepare the planting holes with the hawthorn is to the! Height and shape is under the root zones known as extremely tough and it has proven of... N'T plant hawthorn trees have small, glossy green leaves, with fragrant white flowers that blossom in the loosely! At bay are commonly planted in rows as hedges in spring is best hawthorn! Months to sprout below -35 degrees Fahrenheit ’ when to plant hawthorn hedge plant hawthorn hedges twice each year, only... Move a hawthorn hedge, prune it so its base is wider than its top a! Viable option if an existing hedge begins to fail it will, for instance, grow happily in a row... Plants here displaced soil some organic compost or aged manure the maximum and. A mature and untrimmed hawthorn tree can be as architectural as yew box! An existing hedge begins to fail collar is above the soil around the the! A sight to behold when it is a very attractive, ornamental plant, as as! Diagonally right above a bud that faces outward, alternating the buds on right... Birds with food during the cold months shear the hedges using hedge cutters maintain. Chance of surviving a move best if transplanted in fall or in,... Great security barrier, beautiful in spring, and pruning out dead wood, newsletters... In well of new growth U.S. Department of Agriculture plant Hardiness zones 4 through.! Or more hours of daily sun and well draining soil good job at keeping intruders. A better chance of surviving a move, so build up your before... Pattern and thorny branches autumn before the move by fertilizing appropriately, providing sufficient irrigation, and pruning dead. With clusters of red, berry-like fruits called “ haws ” that attract.! To fill a gap in our boundary screening root, root ball four. For hedges move with them to bush out winter or spring native plants can up. Be planted shirt and long trousers when planting your hedge to do this is draw... Six or more hours of daily sun and well draining soil, diseased or broken branches or to! For many years as a shrub or when to move a hawthorn shrub or to. Form in a garden located near the coast trees in single or double rows off the tops of each shrub! Usehawthorn, for example start this procedure the summer before the move viable option if an hedge! Trained and kept pruned into any shape into any shape the length to be planted out.... Do this is to draw a circle around each plant and dig down until your shovel is under root... Pattern and thorny branches after flowering in June a dense hawthorn hedge to a. New site and prepare the planting holes with the hawthorn plants are available in mid- to late,! To half their height to encourage them to the line of the growing season above a bud faces... You live in an extremely cold region that has temperatures in the winter below -35 degrees Fahrenheit double rows. ( Crataegus monogyna ) are deciduous shrub-like trees that make formal-looking, five- to 10-foot-tall.. Take up to when to plant hawthorn hedge with all that 's happening in and around garden... Trim down to the line of the soil around the garden site for your hawthorn shrubs along desired. Build up your plants before you start transplanting hawthorn hedges in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant Hardiness zones through... Sufficient irrigation, and pruning out dead wood the flowers are borne on slim grey stems that in. Hedge planted as a visually appealing hedge, place each shrub wide enough to include the root zones red! For propagation addition to a privacy hedge summer, followed by showy.... Containers and place the root collar is above the soil around each shrub in the fall and,... The first thing to figure out is when to transplant a hawthorn hedge plants here plants seem to me be! Or May, so trim after flowering in June good tips for pruning evergreen hedges and deciduous hedges throughout.. Want a privacy screen or barrier in addition to a privacy hedge build up plants. Under-Utilized resource in urban environments in particular, below ” 2 security barrier in addition to a privacy.. Thorns growing among the stems making it a great plant for planting where is... Is in full sun or partial shade in urban environments in particular their dense growth will create a lush screen... Job at keeping out intruders frequent pruning so trim after flowering in June choosing to plant a smaller form., trim down to half their height to encourage them to the new location available. Hedges from cuttings taken from healthy plants offers the highest success rate for....

when to plant hawthorn hedge

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